Ethical Hacking

How to develop a successful career in Ethical hacking?

If you are a person who watched a movie scene of hacking into a computer or security network and planning to become an ethical hacker. I Feel Sorry for you! Hacking is not as simple as it is shown in movies. To become a successful ethical hacker you should be well versed with skills like problem-solving, creativity, thinking out of the box and ability to handle the pressure. Not only this you should also have good command in programming languages and the list goes on...

Don’t get sad!

Even I had the same thoughts while watching those movies. This article clears all the myths about ethical hacking and also gives you some tips to develop a successful career in ethical hacking and acts as a one-stop guide to become an ethical hacker. 

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Difference between Hacking and Ethical hacking

Hacking is an illegal activity that involves in the process of stealing information, deleting files, crashing the systems, locking the files and demanding ransoms to unlock, etc. by finding the weaknesses and vulnerabilities in a system. This may lead to face huge consequences even years of imprisonment. 

Ethical hacking is doing the same process as mentioned above but with taking permission from the organization or owners of the system. This is done to identify the weak points in their system or network so that they can be fixed before a wicked hacker discovers them. Guys who hack into the systems with authority, without any hateful intent, are known as ethical hackers

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Types of hackers

Hackers are classified into Blackhat, Whitehat, and Greyhat based on their intent or cause for hacking a system. These terms are originated from Western films as you might have guessed already where a good guy wears a white hat and the bad guy wears a black hat. Let’s discuss the types of hackers in detail:

Blackhat Hackers 

This type of hackers are bad guys, they try to steal the financial information of an organization or data, shut down a server or even destroy them. Some black hats have created a huge loss to companies by crashing their sites just to see their name in the news. 

Most of the activities performed by blackhat hackers are without taking any permission or authorization from the target organization. Thus, it is considered illegal. These guys may work as a team or alone (known as a lone wolf) but the intent is the same. 

Whitehat hackers

Whitehat hackers are also known as ethical hackers, this type of hackers are good guys with good intent. They try to identify the vulnerabilities, backdoors in a system by using various penetration testing tools to prevent the organization from hackers. Big firms like Microsoft, Facebook, Apple, Google, etc. hire ethical hackers to prevent them from Blackhats.

With the increasing adaptation to the digital world, the demand for ethical hackers is skyrocketing day-by-day. Keep reading this article to gain more information about the career in ethical hacking. 

Greyhat hackers

These guys are a mix of both whitehat and blackhat hackers. They exploit security networks without any hateful intent and disclose the loopholes and weak spots to the agencies. Generally, Grey-hat hackers hack into a system and notify the user about the vulnerability in return for a nominal fee. 

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Hope now you got a brief idea about ethical hacking. Let’s dive into the skills required to become an ethical hacker.

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Skills required to become an ethical hacker

“To beat a hacker, you need to think like one!”

Ethical hackers should be smarter than their counterparts to outsmart them. Blackhats will be constantly coming up with clever ideas to breach the security and it is the job of ethical hackers to prevent the security breach.

Mastering the right skill will allow you to achieve your goal quickly. To become a successful ethical hacker you need to develop the required skills. 

Programming Skills

How a fishing net is essential for a fisherman. Similarly, programming knowledge is an essential requirement for ethical hackers. Having a sound knowledge of the following programming languages will help you to develop a fruitful career in ethical hacking.

  • Programming languages used for Web hacking - HTML, JavaScript, PHP, SQL
  • Programming languages used for Building tools and scripts - Python, Ruby, Bash, Perl
  • Programming languages used for writing exploits, shellcodes, etc. - C & C++
  • Other useful programming languages include Java, CSharp, Visual Basic, VBScript

Other skills

  • Should know to gather information by searching the internet effectively
  • Strong knowledge of different operating systems like windows, Linux, Android, iOS, etc. and working knowledge of various Linux distributions
  • Continuous learning is a must-have skill for an ethical hacker to stay updated on the latest tools and software.
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Networking - Having a better understanding of networking will help you to become an effective hacker.
  • Social engineering - It is an important skill for hackers that involves manipulating people to steal their information. 

Apart from the above-mentioned skills, understanding to use the hacking tools will help you to speed up and simplify the process to identify and exploit the weakness in the computer systems. The next section talks about some of the widely used ethical hacking tools.

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Top Ethical hacking tools

  1. Nmap (Network mapper) - network security mapper
  2. Nessus - vulnerability scanner
  3. Nikto - web scanner
  4. Kismet - wireless network hacking
  5. NetStumbler
  6. Wireshark
  7. IronWASP
  8. SQLMap
  9. SQLNinja
  10. Wapiti
  11. Maltego
  12. Aircrack-ng
  13. Reaver
  14. Ettercap
  15. Canvas
  16. Metasploit
  17. John the Ripper

Having hands-on experience with these penetration testing tools will help you to achieve your career goal to become an ethical hacker. 

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Why choose Ethical Hacking as a career?

There is a huge scope for ethical hackers with amazing salary packages. Since security is mandatory for government agencies (like military, national intelligence department, law enforcement department) and private organizations both are hiring ethical hacking experts to secure their assets. 

Also, ethical hackers are provided with an excellent salary package. As per the report submitted by that ethical hackers are offered a minimum package of $85,000 per year. 

Wide range of opportunities - Ethical hackers hold the knowledge of network security, information security, application security and many more. This helps ethical hackers to take up cybersecurity jobs, too - in organizations looking for certified ethical hackers. Besides all these things ethical hackers are always on the right side of the law. 

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How to pursue a career in ethical hacking?

This part of the article briefs you the steps to become a certified ethical hacker. 

Step 1: To become a reputed ethical hacker, first, you need a bachelor’s or master’s degree. Also, it is not mandatory to acquire a degree in IT or CS as a major. But having a degree from an IT background will be helpful for you in developing your career as an ethical hacker. 

Step 2: Learn the trending programming languages like C++, Python, JAVA, etc. as most of the applications are developed using these languages. Also, you need to have hands-on experience with popular operating systems like Windows, Linux, Android, iOS etc. 

Step 3: Update your knowledge base by learning the ethical hacking tools and doing networking courses like CCNA, CNIP, CCIP, etc. since having knowledge of networking is important for ethical hackers. 

Step 4: As previously mentioned to catch a hacker, you need to think like one. Learn from past resources and understand how the cyber-attacks are executed. 

Step 5: Get certified from reputed bodies. EC council is one of the popular and powerful ethical hacking certification providers in the world. Certifications like CHFI(Computer Hacking Forensic Investigation), CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker) are offered by the EC council. If you have these certificates most companies will readily hire you.

We at Skyfi Labs offer a course on Ethical hacking and penetration testing that introduces you to the basic concepts of ethical hacking and trains you to acquire the higher-level certifications like CEH, CHFI, etc.

In this ethical hacking course for beginners, you will learn to penetrate networks and detect the vulnerabilities in a system to prevent the intrusions. You will also learn the basic terminologies of ethical hacking, generating and analysing reports, password cracking, web application and wireless pen-testing. By the end of the course, you will be ready to protect systems from any kind of exploits. 

Since classes are conducted in live online sessions you can clear all your doubts in real-time from experts. As soon as the enrollment you will get the schedule for the live classes and you can learn comfortably from home. 

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I hope you got a brief knowledge of ethical hacking by reading this article. In this advancing world, technology has become an integral part of everyone’s life and as always bad guys are there to exploit the resources. It is the job of ethical hackers to make cyberspace safe. So don’t just relax there. Go, hack!

How to develop a successful career in Ethical hacking?
Skyfi Labs Last Updated: 2021-03-13

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