Best VLSI based IEEE project topics for engineering students


Long gone are the days wherein computers are as large as rooms with large vacuum tubes. They no longer take up an entire room or make loud humming noises. All these operations have scaled-down in size and multiplied in application. Nowadays, we see products that occupy very little space but offer abundant functionality. Modern-day machines get smaller in size and larger in an application, every single day. So, what pushed this technology forward by such a large extent? The art of computing brought in a wave of electronic miniaturization thanks to the semiconductor transistor. One of the most important fields that work closely with this is VLSI technology. If you are a budding EEE engineer, then VLSI projects are something you need to invest time and energy in. Here’s a look at some great VLSI IEEE projects to help you get started on your journey 

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What is a VLSI design?

VLSI stands for Very Large-Scale Integration. Essentially, this involves the creation of integrated circuits by combining thousands of MOS transistors and other electrical components onto a single chip. These MOS IC chips are a staple within the electronics industry and enabled complex semiconductor, signal processing and communication technologies to come up.  VLSI design consists of all the different processes that go into creating these IC chips.

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Processes Involved in Designing a VLSI IC

Front End Steps:

  • Problem Specification - Represent the system in a mainframe by defining the performance characteristics and other definitions.
  • Architecture Definition - Define what architecture you will use, number of floating point units, RISC or CISC, and what cache size.
  • Functional Design - Once the architecture is chosen, decide the facilitates to be provided. Also, functionalities it should have, and the specifications of the functional units.
  • Logic Design - Integrate boolean expressions, control flow, register allocation and RTL description.
  • Circuit Design - Create a circuit as a netlist, containing gates, transistors and other important components.
  • Physical Design - Convert the netlist into a physical body as a layout. This is done by the following protocol called the lambda rules which details the size, ratio and spacing of components.

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Back end Steps:

  1. Wafer processing - Melting of silicon and then inserting the crystal orientation is called wafer processing. After this, the polishing of the ingot and crystal orientation occurs.
  2. Lithography - Mask with a photographic mask and highlight tracks on it by exposing it to UV lights.
  3. Etching - This step helps in removing material selectively so as to create patterns, by using additional chemicals or plasma.
  4. Ion implantation - Add the necessary dopants as ions in a targeted manner.
  5. Metallization - Deposit a thin layer of aluminum over the wafer to act as a good conductor.
  6. Assembly and Packaging - Cut the wafer into single chips, separate them and then test them individually. After ascertaining that they are of high quality, package them as needed.

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What is VLSI and its applications?

VLSI chips are used in all kinds of fields. Some examples include;

  • Personal computers, cell phones, digital cameras
  • Consumer electronic gadgets.
  • Automobiles and Anti-Lock Braking Systems
  • Medical field, medical equipment
  • Digital signal processing
  • Speech identification and translation
  • Switching telephone circuits
  • Data entry
  • Voice communication networks
  • Data networks

Advantages of VLSI Technology

  1. Smaller sized components as circuit elements form single chips
  2. Lower cost thanks to the power of mass production
  3. Lower power consumption due to smaller size
  4. Higher reliability as there are fewer interconnections
  5. Additional functionality
  6. Efficient use of space
  7. Reduced weight and easier packaging
  8. Easily replaceable
  9. High operating speeds
  10. Significant career and growth opportunities

Online VLSI design courses for engineering students

VLSI Starter online course for engineers

Everything from smartphones to complicated aircraft makes use of VLSI technology in some way or the other. This VLSI design course will serve as the best introductory course, as it opens you to the subject. Since the VLSI industry is worth 1.75 trillion dollars, this is a great opportunity for you to further your career. In this online course, students will learn how to work with industry-wide tools, such as Xilinx ISE and to program in Verilog. The students will also be working with Logic Gates, comparators, encoders and decoders.

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VLSI Explorer online course for engineers

This is the perfect VLSI IEEE project if you are a medium-level user of VLSI technology. This course will help you understand more about how the technology works. It is perfect for understanding the widespread applications of technology. Furthermore, this course gives students an opportunity for hands-on experience. They get to work with the actual codes and simulations and get a solid introduction to VLSI. They also learn Verilog Programming, work with logic gates and build circuits with the help of this course.

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VLSI Champion online course for engineers

In case you already know about the basics of VLSI, this is the course to take to improve your knowledge. By the end of this VLSI IEEE project, students will gain experience with tools like Xilinx ISE. They will also gain exposure to the creation and development of combinational and sequential circuits. Students will model electronic systems, and design in the Xilinx Design Suite. They will gain an insight into Verilog Programming, optimization and learn how to build a Static RAM Design.

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Best VLSI-based IEEE projects for engineering students

1. Real-time Traffic Light Control

In this VLSI design IEEE project, students will learn how to build an FPGA-based traffic light controller. Not only does this help regulate traffic, but it also reduces the average waiting time of drivers. Since VHDL can help simulate the working of circuits, it is used to build this interface. A model of the controller is created using VHDL, and to verify the design, a timing simulation is done. By taking part and completing this project, students will gain a thorough understanding of how VLSI technology works.

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2. Fuzzy-based PID controller

This VLSI IEEE project is extremely useful and has many applications in the transportation industry. In order to create this system, we interface Fuzzy Logic Controllers, MATLAB and the VLSI system. The programming is done in the VHDL language. In effect, the PID controller works as a great feedback control mechanism. It finds use in flight controllers, high-speed trains, motor drivers, and even for water regulation. Therefore, this project brings EEE engineers the best of both worlds. It has equal parts of fuzzy logic, and VLSI technology, making it a great project to learn a lot of new skills.

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3. Design and VLSI implementation of Anti-collision robot processor

Robots are occupying this world faster than ever. In manufacturing industries multiple robots have to work in the same environment this IEEE project helps you to design a robot processor that detects and avoids the other robots with the help of RFID technology. As part of this VLSI project, you will be introduced into the VLSI design process.

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Find more IEEE VLSI projects from the following list:

  • Behavioural synthesis of Asynchronous circuits
  • Design of FPGA based 32-bit Floating-point Arithmetic unit
  • Design and synthesis of QPSK
  • Design of CAN protocol
  • Fuzzy based mobile robot controller designing using VHDL
  • Implementation of Highspeed pipeline VLSI Architecture
  • Implementation of overlap based logic cell and its power analysis
  • Design of data encryption standard for data encryption
  • ASIC Design of complex multiplier

The field of engineering is extremely competitive. Therefore, to differentiate yourself from the crowd and really enhance your value, you need to constantly upskill. When you look at the field of EEE, VLSI technology is a very impactful and useful area. By taking part in these VLSI IEEE projects, you get to build experience and learn valuable concepts to come out as a better engineer.

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Best VLSI based IEEE project topics for engineering students
Skyfi Labs Last Updated: 2021-03-07

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