Mechanical engineering is an interdisciplinary field which covers all the major concepts of engineering such as structural analysis, thermodynamics, robotics, fluid mechanics, kinematics, material science, etc. and also overlaps with other branches of engineering like mechatronics, aeronautical, metallurgical, marine, chemical, civil, petroleum, and many more.
To become a successful mechanical engineer, you should upgrade your skills with the latest technologies. The best way to develop your skills is by building projects, in this post we will discuss, design projects and major projects for mechanical. Also, some tips to save your project cost.
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The below list consists of latest mechanical design projects and major final year projects. All the below-mentioned projects are based on the latest innovations in the field of engineering.
1. Gear train design mechanical project
Gear trains are found in different mechanical devices which helps to transfer the motion from one part to another. In this design project, you will use various mechanical concepts to design a gear train 3D model using Autodesk Inventor CAD software. After designing the model you will also perform the dynamic simulation to check the working of the model.
2. Differential gear design mechanical project
Differential gears are used in automobiles to provide different speeds to the wheels to prevent the slippage while making a turn or cornering. In this design project, you will develop a differential gear with the help of Autodesk Inventor CAD software. As part of this course, you will learn concepts like types of gear, dynamic simulation of gears, joints, cad modelling, etc.
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3. CNC Machine using Arduino
CNC - Computer Numerical Control is used to manufacture various mechanical components easily by automating the manufacturing process. There are different types of CNC machine such as - Laser, Milling, Router, Lathe, Plasma, etc. CNC machines are operated with the help of G-code and M-code. In this mechanical design project, you will fabricate a 3-axis CNC machine, which will cut the components based on the input. CNC follows subtractive manufacturing method to develop a product. You will use Arduino, motor shield, stepper motor, DC motor, etc. to develop this project.
4. 3D printer
3D printers use additive manufacturing method to fabricate the material. It prints the material layer-by-layer by extruding the molten plastic. The device fabricates the components based on the 3D model loaded to the computer. In this mechanical design project, you will develop a 3D printer from scratch with Arduino board, stepper motor, motor driver shield, etc.
5. Part design using SolidWorks
SolidWorks is a 3D CAD modelling software mostly used by mechanical engineers to design various components. From a simple mobile case to a large rocket everything starts with the design process. If you are planning to make a cost-effective project you can make use of this design project. In this mechanical project, you will learn to design and simulate various complex mechanical components.
6. Mechanism design using CATIA
CATIA (Computer Aided Three dimensional Interactive Application) is a mechanical design software widely used in Aerospace and Automotive industries to design various parts. Design software are used to reduce the cost of manufacturing by identifying and solving the problem before the actual production starts. As part of this project, you will learn the concepts of mechanism design.
7. Hybrid vehicle design using MATLAB
Hybrid vehicles are advanced automobiles which use both electric and IC engine to power the vehicle to achieve more efficiency and at the same time to reduce the pollution. In this mechanical design project, you will use MATLAB software to analyse the overall performance of the vehicle in various environments.
8. Automobile Prototyping
As I previously mentioned mechanical engineering is the base for most of the engineering branches. In this mechanical design project, you will design and build a scaled-down model of a go-kart. While building this project, you will learn about automobile concepts like powertrain, suspension system, transmission system, locomotion of the vehicle and chassis design. At the end of this project, you will develop a working prototype of an electric-powered RC car.
9. Gearless transmission using elbow mechanism
Gears are awesome and help to transfer motion from one part to another but it creates more friction. In this mechanical design project, you will design an elbow mechanism to create a gearless transmission system.
10. CFD analysis of an airfoil
Wings’ aerofoil shape plays a major role in the lift generation of an aircraft the efficient aerofoil design reduces the fuel consumption by increasing the lift. In this design and analysis project, you will use software like ANSYS, CATIA, JAVA FOIL, etc. to create and analyse the flow of air over the aerofoil.
Refer the below list form more mechanical design project:
Hope you got some good mechanical design projects from this article, let us know your thoughts in the comment section.
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