With the advent of the new century, technology has come through periods of a renaissance. With this advancement, everything is taking shape and every gap is now filled with innovation. The same applies to the burning topic of smart cities. The concept of smart cities includes building what is made to make life easier and faster for the people living in it. The basic building block of Smart Cities includes Innovation.
The universities and technological institutes hale and offer a lot many courses in the subjects of Internet of Things and Smart cities. The students are encouraged to take up senior design smart city projects under the same categories. The students either take up topics of their own or they sometimes surf the resources available online over various resources.
IoT application enables the Smart Cities initiatives worldwide. Various Smart Cities bloom due to the very seed of the IoT industries. The basic crux of Smart cities Includes remotely managing, monitoring and controlling the devices and creating new paths towards massive streams of real-time data.
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The process primarily involves large involvement of Information Technology integration and comprehensive applications of informational resources connected together in a network to form a loop. A single cell is a model which makes a system. Many systems thereby build a network which solves a problem. The smart objects built are connected together with internet along with a protocol of exchange that further leads to the process of Tracking, Monitoring and Management.
Some of the various purposes that smart cities solve include smart technology, smart management, smart service, smart industries and of course, smart lives. These are the cumulative efforts of smart city resources and the level of technology that the industries offer.
The concept of Smart City has command over 3I’s, Instrumentation, Interconnection and Intelligence. With interconnected instruments with intelligent designs, one can solve any problem easily with better accuracy.
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The above development also includes major setbacks. The explosive growth of the Internet of Things and Smart Cities include challenges for ingenious research efforts from both academical and practical point of views. New protocols and services have to be applied to balance growth and development. The goals should be to bring in action, all the people who can, in any sense, dedicate their state-of-the-art services to the same.
The Government of various countries has promised to deliver 100 smart cities which will be able to solve their own problems. These cities will be based on the model area development plan, which will rub-off effect on the other parts of the city or any other cities nearby. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected for the Smart City Mission.
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Smart cities are the future of our country. As said above, our government is also trying a lot to develop schemes for smart cities. Many institutions and also the school programs have started including the subjects of Internet of Things and Smart Cities into their curriculum. The students are interested in learning these courses and applying them to real-life situations while taking up smart city senior design projects.
1. Home Automation using IoT
Various homes are turning into smart homes by applying the concepts of smart cities and the Internet of Things. All the users have to do is to just throw a command and enjoy the pleasures of automation. Home Automation is one such area that is tremendously impacted by IoT. Every room and light in the near future will be automatically controlled by computers. This Smart city senior design project will help you to build one such system as discussed above.
2. Smart Irrigation System
The major part of the Indian economy is dependent upon the field of agriculture and the most important thing about agriculture is irrigation. Technology has made it very easy to implement the system of irrigation. In this senior design project, you will work with a soil moisture sensor, ESP-8266 Wi-Fi module and an Arduino board to develop a smart irrigation system project. The device can detect the change in moisture level in the soil and controls the flow of water accordingly with a DC pump.
3. Solar and Smart Energy system
The field of energy production is doing wonders. But in recent years, the effects it has on nature is overwhelming. People have come across alternatives for the same as Solar Energy. Solar and Smart Energy Systems senior design project involves hands-on experience in renewable energy and smart systems. These two technologies, in combination with each other, are going to have a huge impact on our future.
4. Smart Traffic Management
Traffic is causing a lot of problems in the urban areas and we need to solve them. The red lights are only working half of the time and people are working to solve the problems. With urbanisation on the rise! Cities need to be made smarter to tackle problems. Road congestion is one such issue & a smarter way to manage it is by implementing an unmanned automation process
5. Automated Railway crossing senior design project
The smart city project helps to deliver knowledge to students who want to deal with the problem of railway crossings. By automating the railway crossing mechanisms, we can avoid accidents and bring about increased efficiency. In this senior design project, you will make an automated railway crossing model understand the real application of embedded systems. Sensors detect train arrival and departure and send appropriate signals to the microcontroller. Microcontroller is programmed to operate motorized railway gates as per sensor input.
6. IoT using Raspberry pi
7. Smart Building using IoT
8. Smart Energy meter using GSM
9. Home Automation system
10. Automatic solar tracker
11. IoT using Arduino
12. GPS & GSM based Tracker
13. Smart Water monitoring
14. Automated street lighting
IoT is short for Internet of Things that is a blooming concept nowadays. Keeping in mind the advancement of technology, this can be a great leap of technology and sciences that can ease up our lives to a very large extent. Internet of Things includes a network of physical objects sharing IP addresses to a computer interface which helps to transfer the data for various purposes. This data is then processed to serve some specific functions in order to improve the functionality of the connected articles. It has the ability to transfer the data over a network without human involvement. Hence, it extends the connectivity beyond the traditional devices like laptops, desktops, mobile devices etc. This network contains different sub-networks like connected security systems, thermostats, automobiles, electronic appliances etc.
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