Technology has helped us cross boundaries and do more with fewer resources. As weather patterns change, seasons undergo shifts, polar ice-caps melt and resources turn scarce, it is our job as engineers to find a solution for the problems that exist around us. Engineering isn’t just about building things or making drawings. It is about innovation and a quest for knowledge. It is only by thinking of new alternatives that we can solve the problems. One such solution thought of by engineers is the concept of smart cities that use little resources. Here’s a look at everything you need to know about smart cities and some cool final year project ideas based on the same.
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There is no universally accepted definition for a smart city because people can interpret different meanings for it. Hence, it means different things to different people. Here, you will get a basic definition that captures the essence of what a smart city is and what it does. While the concept varies from area to area depending on the resources, the basic idea behind it remains the same. A smart city aims to bring various components together to live harmoniously and attempts to do with the least environmental damage or impact. In other words, a smart city is a place with high standards of living, which survives and thrives on eco-friendly means. The size and amenities within a smart city vary according to geography, resources available, geopolitical scenario and investment received.Learn more about smart city projects
India is not far behind when it comes to building smart cities. Our PM, Mr. Narendra Modi has already announced his vision of setting up over 100 smart cities across the country. Since then the wheels have been set in motion to make this happen. The Ministry of Urban Development is compiling data regarding land usage and geography to figure out which areas are best fit for this purpose. These 100 smart cities will promote the use of smart solutions to combat energy wastage. Therefore, these cities will have efficient use of the available assets, resources, and infrastructure.
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Another important feature of smart cities is that they will provide smart solutions to modern problems. These include:
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Here’s a look at some projects that have taken inspiration from the concepts used for the design of smart cities. These projects will help you build energy-efficient systems that will help heal the world. To know more about such projects check out this link.
1. Home Automation using IoT
IoT is a technology that is changing the way we live. As time passes by, most things that we used to do manually is getting automated. The newest trend is the automation of homes. Every light, switch, and appliance in the home can be controlled remotely. Such homes are energy-efficient and convenient to reside in due to their ease of use. In this smart city project, you will work in tandem with technologies like IoT, Bluetooth, and Arduino to create a system that allows you to control your home appliances via an app on your phone.Check more about this project
2. Smart Irrigation System
Over the years, the art of farming has undergone several changes. The newest innovation in the field of agriculture is smart irrigation systems. With falling groundwater reserves being a pressing concern, having a smart system manage your water resources greatly help in reducing the water wastage. This smart-city based project helps you combine a moisture sensor and an Arduino board to build a smart irrigation system. The device will use a soil moisture sensor to detect the amount of water in the soil and then water the plants accordingly. This innovation will help in reducing water wastage significantly and increases the groundwater level.Check more about this project
3. Smart Building using IoT
Most modern buildings focus on automation and energy-efficiency as these are the concepts of the future. IoT helps us to implement these ideas by combining sensors and actuators to create a smart building. This smart city project will help you gain insight into how IoT works. At the same time, you will develop a system that intelligently controls lighting in a room based on occupancy. This project makes use of PIR sensors and Arduino architecture to create a smart system that helps you cut costs and energy resources efficiently.Check more about this project
4. Smart Energy Meter using GSM
Around the world, there is a rise in awareness regarding the usage of energy. As we run short of non-renewable sources of energy, the focus now is to reduce our carbon emissions and wastage of energy. This project is a great push in the right direction considering this new trend. This project helps you to build a system that tracks energy usage and notifies the user via SMS periodically. Such systems will help us reduce our overall energy consumption drastically. If you are an engineer with a passion for environmental sciences, then this project is for you. Through this smart city project, you will learn to build a smart energy meter using GSM and Arduino.Check more about this project
5. Solar and Smart Energy Systems
In renewable energy sources, solar energy is one of the front-runners. This solar and smart energy project helps you to develop hands-on experience on both renewable energy and smart systems. These two technologies will have a great impact on the way we live. This project will teach you how to harness solar power and use it to build smart traffic signals. The first part of this smart city project will teach you to develop a solar battery charger device with solar panels and then build a smart traffic control prototype that automatically controls the traffic signal based on the vehicle intensity.Check more about this project
6. Smart Water Monitoring
Agriculture is still an important source of income for our country. Therefore, any innovation that helps improve farming is welcomed. IoT can help us in improving the efficiency of farming. It not only increases farm production but also helps us reduce the water wastage. Through this smart city project, you will learn to build a Smart Water monitoring system that detects and records the flow of water.Check more about this project
7. Automated Street Lighting
The need for reduction in energy usage has never been more pressing than now. Hence as engineers, our goal is to reduce energy wastage. Street lighting is one area in which we desperately need to improve and IoT allows us to do that. This smart city-based project will help you build a smart lighting system that prevents wastage of electricity. This smart city project will teach you the basics of IoT, Arduino architecture and sensor technology, helping you gain vital knowledge about fields that will become popular soon.Check more about this project
8. Automated Railway Crossing
Thousands of lives are lost every year at unmanned railway crosses. Isn’t this a sheer waste? Is there nothing we can do about this? Well, it seems there is plenty we can do to prevent such mishaps. Here’s one such step. In this smart city project, you will learn the basics of embedded systems and then you will make an unmanned railway crossing that functions automatically.Check more about this project
You can learn all the above-mentioned projects right from your home. The kits needed will be shipped to your doorstep and you can use the kit & the online tutorial to complete the project with 100% output.Join Now!
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