Electronics and Communication Engineering is an evergreen field of engineering that is considered one of the core branches. Almost every device we use in our day-to-day lives requires electronics to work, and hence this is a field of engineering that will never go out of fashion. Everything from the mobile phone you use daily to the computer or laptop through which you are reading this article comprises electrical components. Almost all major inventions that have occurred in the twenty-first century have done so in the field of computing and electronics. The internet, data analytics, and even the smartphone era developed thanks to innovations in the field of electrical components. Hence, electronics engineering graduates have a good scope due to the adapting nature of the field. The best way to understand concepts related to ECE is to get your hands dirty and actually build projects related to ECE. Here’s a look at some of the best BE projects for ECE students.
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5. Robotic Arm
Building engineering projects involves the use of creative, problem solving skills, prototyping and testing. Each project is, therefore, a summation of all the skills a graduate has gained throughout the course of their academic work. Here are a few tips to help you in planning a good ECE project.
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Once you decide to do a project, a main point of discussion is how to get a good topic to base your project on. First and foremost, you may approach your teachers, faculty advisors or mentors for ideas and suggestions. The advantage of this method is that you can explain to them what your interests and strengths are so that they can suggest a suitable field or topic for you. However, this might not always be feasible. The second best thing to do is to do a good web search and find a good topic for yourself. Though you may rely on the internet for your ideas, you can also upgrade those ideas to make them more personal and customized. That being said, here are a few examples of some great ECE projects to help you start your search for your own project idea.
1. Animatronic Hand
Animatronics requires the imitation of human movements and actions. In this electronic BE project, you will build an animatronic hand that behaves the same way a human hand does by copying your hand gestures. This is a great course to get familiar with the concepts involved with embedded systems. The hand is controlled using flex sensors and students will learn about Arduino architecture, servo motors, and actuators.
2. Home Automation using IoT
IoT is changing the way we live and is influencing everything from our exercise patterns to how we build our homes. Home automation not only makes it easier for us to live but also goes a long way in helping to optimize resource usage. By automating the lights and other electrical appliances in our home, we can also help save electricity and energy. Through this electronic BE project, you will learn to build a home automation system using IoT, which may be controlled using Bluetooth.
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3. Smart Energy Meter using GSM
Due to rising environmental concerns, the world is pushing towards a more energy-efficient future. This BE ECE project will help you gain insight into the world of energy monitoring. By helping you build a device to track energy usage. The app will then send you the required information via SMS periodically, helping you save energy.
4. Automatic Solar tracker
The need for renewable energy sources has never been greater than now. Through this electronic BE project, you will learn to build solar trackers which orient themselves in the direction of highest intensity sunlight automatically, to harness maximum solar power. The project is also a great introductory look into Arduino Architecture and solar energy harnessing.
5. Biometric Authentication
Most schools, colleges, offices, and hostels nowadays rely on biometric devices for authentication. You will build one such device in this project, through which the user can first register their fingerprint and then use the same to open doors. This ECE project is a great gateway into the field of Arduino development and biometric sensors.
6. Footstep Power Generation System using RFID
As the population increases annually, our need for power increases as well. However, the sad part is that while the demand for more energy increases, wastage of energy is increasing on the other side. This ECE project helps to combat that by building a footstep power generator that produces power using human footsteps. This power may then be used to charge batteries and other small devices using an RFID card via an Atmega 328 microcontroller and Arduino IDE.
7. Waste and Garbage Recycling Vending Machine
An increase in population also leads to a huge increase in the waste generated by them. With land becoming a scarce commodity, it isn’t always easy to find means to dispose of this waste without harming the environment. However, this ECE BE project will help you recycle your garbage with ease by segregating the waste and providing monetary benefits to people to motivate them to recycle. In this BE project, build a vending machine, which uses barcodes to differentiate between recyclable and non-recyclable waste. The system comes with a conveyor arrangement which is powered by a servo motor to calculate the amount of recyclable waste collected.
8. Raspberry Pi Vehicle Starter via Face Detection
Most vehicles use a key to start them, but what if we could use our faces to unlock cars and bikes, the way we do with our phones? In this BE project, you will learn how to do that by building a face recognition-based engine starter system powered by Raspberry Pi. Photos of the vehicle’s owner are stored in a database and when the user sits down his face is matched with the scanned photos available to authenticate the user. Once verified, the engine starts allowing the user to drive his car.
9. RFID Door Access Control
Most entrance control occurs via a card, a card reader and a control board that is connected to a server. In this BE project, you will learn how to build such a system that makes use of microcontrollers to read the unique code embedded on the card. This microcontroller accesses the server to check the authenticity of the code on the card, based on which it either unlocks the door or sounds an alarm.
Hope you got some good Electronics BE projects from this article. If you have any suggestions or queries, let us know in the comments.
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