STEM is a combination of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. In this STEM activity for kids, we are going to make a cloud in a jar. This STEM project helps kids to understand how it is raining. Kids are always excited to do practical experiments thus this experiment will definitely make kids interested in STEM. Also, experiments are one of the best ways to teach STEM for kids.
Clouds are formed due to the freezing or condensation of water vapor. So What is condensation? It is the process of transformation of gas into a liquid. When water vapor or steam cools down, it changes into a liquid.
For example, when you keep a cold water bottle outside you can see droplets around the bottle. This happens due to the condensation of the air when it touches the surface of the water bottle. Similarly, clouds also form in the same way when it gets condensed on the particles in the atmosphere.
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Below are the components required to build this project:
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Steps involved to make a cloud in a jar:
The same process happens in our environment and the cloud is formed. Here the water vapor condensed on smoke particles. But in nature, the particles may be dust, pollution, etc. The evaporated water condenses in the particles to form a cloud. Since the temperature at higher altitudes is low the water is condensed. These formed clouds may later produce rain or snow.
Creating a cloud in a jar is definitely an easy way to demonstrate how it rains, This STEM project is an hands-on visual experiment for kids to understand the principles behind raining and cloud formation.
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