Have you ever wondered how elevators work? Have you seen how car jacks lift cars up when they need repair? All these systems are involved in the transmission of power and help us perform otherwise cumbersome activities efficiently.
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Such systems prevent us from having to exert more physical force. Asking questions is the best way to inculcate curiosity and learn new things. This is very vital for school students because it makes them explore and understand new things. This time around, let us take a look at a simple school science project that will help students understand how elevators and carjacks function.
Hydraulic systems make use of high-pressure fluids to transmit power and use that power to move objects, lift things and magnify forces. There are several types of hydraulic machines which utilize different types of fluids to transmit forces. While specific devices make use of water, others employ a more viscous liquid to magnify forces acting on the machine. In this project, we aim to build a simple hydraulic lift using cardboard and syringes, which use water to lift small objects.
Hydraulic operations employ pressurized liquid to transfer forces. We can use materials that are easily found around us to create a simple hydraulic actuator. This model will help students understand the principle of operation of such machines, and is a good way for them to start analyzing how devices they see around them actually work.
Most construction equipment companies use hydraulic actuators to erect the large structures we see around us. Everything from a JCB to a ram that has cylindrical parts that control shovels and blades makes use of hydraulic and pneumatic systems.
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