Best embedded projects for engineering students

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Best Embedded projects for engineering students

“Art of Fusion” is a perfect term to highlight Embedded Systems Technology, where it brilliantly combines the hardware components with the software programming in an innovative way.

From the simplest electronic devices like calculators, digital watches, television remotes to the complex devices like the security and traffic control systems, embedded systems technology is being widely used to facilitate their efficient operation.

So, what makes the embedded systems technology to be a standalone player in the electronics industry?

To put it in simple terms, this amazing technology is being widely used for the following advantages:

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  • Higher performance
  • Lower power requirements
  • Increased connectivity

A particular communication system is either an analog communication or a digital communication at a time. For example, the communication happens for TV transmission is analog and the communication system for any device that is connected to internet happens via digital medium.
So, how exactly the data is being transferred within these electronic devices?
The data is being transmitted between the transmitter and receiver in two ways,

With the recent advancements in the communication & processor industry, embedded systems technology is reaching new heights and thereby creating a great impact in the latest technologies.
A number of emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things – IOT, Mechatronics (Industrial Robotics), Virtual & Augmented Reality etc are based on Embedded Systems. With such kind of contributions to the latest technologies, there is no doubt that embedded systems is going to emerge as a big player in the market in coming years.
Being an engineering student, you need to understand the embedded systems from core to stay updated with the latest technologies and this will be possible only when you start learning the concepts by building good embedded projects.
Since embedded systems is a very vast topic, you need to follow a systematic approach to learn it in order to master it.
The following are the various domains in which you can build projects to learn the embedded systems technology from core:

  1. Robotics based embedded projects
  2. IoT based embedded projects
  3. Mechatronics based embedded projects
  4. Smart Energy based embedded projects
  5. Automation based embedded projects

To help you in learning these concepts, I am also suggesting the specific projects that you can develop on the above domains to develop your knowledge database on embedded systems

1. Robotics based embedded projects:

Ever since the industrialisation became an integral part to develop economies, most of the organizations began to research a lot on technologies that can improve the operational efficiency. Robotics is one such technology which is being actively researched to assist humans in complex industrial activities and improve the operational efficiency. For any robot to operate seamlessly, they are in need of a proper framework and internal structure. This is being provided by the embedded systems technology where it fuses the hardware components with the software. Any discrepancy with this fusion will cause a lot of difficulties in the robotics functioning, such is the importance of embedded systems in robotics industry.

Here are some embedded projects that you can develop on robotics:

  1. Bluetooth robotics: Through this project you will develop a robot that can be controlled by your smart phone using an Android App. View more details
  2. Voice controlled robot: Through this project you will develop a robot that can be controlled by your smart phone using speech recognition technology. View more details
  3. WiFi controlled robot: Through this project you will build a robot that will be connected to your PC through WiFi and can be controlled by sending commands through a html page. View more details
  4. Mobile controlled robot: Through this project you will build a robot that will use DTMF technology to communicate with the user and can be controlled by sending commands through your mobile phone. View more details
  5. Gesture controlled robot: Through this project you will build a robot that can be controlled using your hand gestures through ADXL accelerometer sensor. View more details
  6. Swarm robotics: Through this project you will build 2 robots (Master & Slave) that can communicate among each other and coordinate the activities.View more details

Preferred embedded platform: 8051 microcontroller, Arduino Uno, Raspberry Pi

2. IOT based embedded projects:

Smart Irrigation System using IoT Project for Engineering Students

With a lot of sensors being used in the smart devices, tons of data are being collected and stored. Internet of things or IOT is an innovative technology that provides an efficient solution to solve this industrial problem. With the right kind of embedded system, IOT enables smarter collection, storage and analysis of the data collected from the sensors. And embedded systems makes it possible for devices to integrate the sensors and send the data to the cloud with ease.

Here are some embedded projects that you can build on IOT:

  1. Weather monitoring system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will record the temperature/humidity differences in the environment and send it to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  2. Smart irrigation system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will switch ON the water pump whenever the moisture level in the soil drops below a threshold and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  3. Smart water monitoring system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will monitor the flow of water through the pipe and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  4. Automated street lighting system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will switch ON the street light whenever the intensity of sunlight drops below a threshold and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  5. Smart building system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can be used to control all the home appliances autonomously whenever there is a human presence inside a room and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details

Preferred embedded platform: Arduino Uno, Raspberry Pi

3. Mechatronics based embedded projects:

Even though a lot of research is being done on robotics to effectively replace humans in industrial process, there are still a lot of processes that needs human intervention. Mechatronics is an advanced technology that can be used to assist humans in doing such activities. It intelligently fuses the electronics and mechanical concepts to form a mechanism that can assist in such industrial processes. Fusion being the strongest advantage of embedded systems, developing mechatronics devices is only possible through embedded technology.

Here are some embedded projects that you can build on mechatronics:

  1. Animatronics Hand: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can mimic the human actions with the help of flex sensors. View more details
  2. Robotic Arm: Through this project you will develop a robotic arm that will have 3 degrees of freedom and can be controlled using an Android App. View more details
  3. Automatic Solar Tracker: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can orient the solar panels autonomously towards the direction where there is maximum sunlight intensity. View more details
  4. Hexapod
  5. Walking Robot

Preferred embedded platform: Arduino Uno

4. Smart energy based embedded projects:

With urbanization on the rise and as its growth rate reaches new peaks, most of the recent announcements from governments all over the world revolve around implementation of smart energy systems. The only way to tackle the energy crisis is to device an efficient energy plan that comprises of smart energy methodologies. Embedded systems facilitates easier integration of smart energy systems onto the conventional devices. Embedded systems not only provides an efficient integration but also provide that in a cost effective manner.

Here are some embedded projects that you can build on smart energy systems:

  1. Solar mobile charger: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can trap the solar energy and use it to charge the battery. View more details
  2. Smart traffic lighting system: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will control the traffic lights autonomously based on the traffic intensity View more details
  3. Automatic Solar Tracker: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can orient the solar panels autonomously towards the direction where there is maximum sunlight intensity. View more details
  4. Smart Energy Meter using GSM: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can read the data about the energy consumed from the energy meter and update the user via sms View more details
  5. Automated street lighting system using IOT: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will switch ON the street light whenever the intensity of sunlight drops below a threshold and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details

Preferred embedded platform: 8051 microcontroller, Arduino Uno

5. Automation based embedded projects:

Automation will be the first process to be implemented whenever the efficiency of a system needs to be improved. And it is possible in almost every system to integrate automation. But the biggest constraint in this is the integration of various systems, where a lot of hardware components and software is involved. Embedded systems makes this integration simpler and more feasible. Whether it comes to the automation of lighting systems or automation of railway gates, embedded systems technology integrates the hardware and software seamlessly.

Here are some embedded projects that you can build on automation technologies:

  1. Automated railway crossing: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can automate the opening/closing of railway gates View more details
  2. Home Automation System Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can be used to control all the home appliances using your smart phone via Android App View more details
  3. Automatic Solar Tracker: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can orient the solar panels autonomously towards the direction where there is maximum sunlight intensity. View more details
  4. Automatic soil irrigation system: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will switch ON the water pump whenever the moisture level in the soil drops below a threshold and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  5. Automated street lighting system: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that will switch ON the street light whenever the intensity of sunlight drops below a threshold and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details
  6. Automated lighting system: Through this project you will develop an electronic device that can be used to control all the home appliances autonomously whenever there is a human presence inside a room and send the data to cloud for storage and analysis. View more details

Preferred embedded platform: 8051 microcontroller, Arduino Uno

Hope you would have got some good project suggestions that help you to get skilled in embedded systems.
If you want to build great embedded projects but don’t know where to start, we at Skyfi Labs have developed an innovative learning methodology through which you can learn and build projects right from your home. With the hardware kits delivered to your doorstep and 1-1 technical assistance provided, developing great embedded systems projects will never be tough for you.

Do let us know, what you think is the best embedded based project to build by commenting below.

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