An Embedded system is a combination of hardware and software. It is not a general-purpose device. The basic difference between the two is that the general-purpose devices have peripherals for the connection of other devices. On the other hand, Embedded Systems has all the peripherals inside the module. Embedded Systems use Microcontroller or Microprocessors to do a certain function. From the simplest electronic devices to the complex ones, embedded systems are used widely. For example, Watches, T.V Remotes, Mobile Phones, Traffic Control systems, etc.
This article is meant to guide electronics as well as computer science engineering students to learn the varied fields of applications of embedded systems. An embedded system also contains a real-time operating system. Here we discuss all the major characteristics and applications of Embedded systems that a student must know to build an embedded systems IEEE project. This technology has a worldwide use because of its high-performance parameters, low power requirements and increased connectivity.
Being an engineering student the need to understand this technology has grown more. In this article, you will get to know all that is necessary before jumping straight to embedded systems projects. You can then definitely look into embedded systems-based projects.
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19. Mobile Robotics
IEEE projects are basically IEEE paper-based projects. In these types of projects first, you select the field or any idea on which you want to work. Then you search for the related recent published papers close to that idea. This helps you to find out the originality as well as the level of the newness of your idea. If your idea is already implemented then you look for the scope of further modification in the same field. The project which you make as a parameter to modify the existing idea and prove the improvement with parameters is known as an IEEE project.
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Embedded Systems are small systems with a combination of hardware and software to perform a particular function. Embedded systems design varies with the type of function and use. These types of systems are used almost everywhere from bikes to airplanes.
On a basic level, an embedded system has six components. These are:
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Some of the advantages of embedded systems that add on to its feature to be used as final year projects are:
Moreover, embedded systems are easy to use. Embedded systems directly interact with the hardware. It is also user-friendly systems and closer to real-world applications.
Embedded systems are differentiated on the basis of utility, performance, and microcontroller.
So, embedded systems are classified into four types of utility and performance:
Stand-alone embedded systems: As the name suggests this type of embedded system does not require any host computer. It manages to do all the work by itself. It takes inputs, processes it, produces required results and shows the output. The output then governs the further working to the system. Example: MP3 player, video game consoles, microwave ovens, etc.
Networked Embedded Systems: This type of embedded system depends upon an entire network of resources for its functioning. The network can LAN, MAN or WAN. This is also one of the fastest emerging areas of embedded systems applications in real-world projects. Example: Embedded webserver
Real-Time Embedded Systems: These are time-dependent embedded systems. The output depends upon the time deadlines. These are also further classified as soft and hard time systems.
Mobile Embedded Systems: These are the portable embedded systems widely used in cell phones, digital cameras, mp3 players, etc.
Embedded systems are classified into three types based on their microcontroller:
Small Scale Embedded Systems: These are embedded systems with 8 or 16-bit microcontrollers.
Medium Scale Embedded Systems: These are embedded systems with a 16 or 32-bit microcontroller.
Sophisticated Embedded Systems: These are embedded systems with many hardware and software complexities. Widely used in cutting-edge applications.
Embedded Systems have a huge application as we have been discussing so far. Some of the embedded systems IEEE projects are:
1. Bluetooth Robotics: This IEEE embedded system project falls in the category of robotics projects using embedded systems. In this IEEE project, you will learn to build a robot. The robot you will develop can follow the instructions given by the smartphone. This would be done by Android Application and Bluetooth Communication. The robot is programmed to decode the smart phone’s instruction and act accordingly.
2. Mobile Robotics: This embedded system IEEE project also falls in the category of robotics projects using embedded systems. This course will help you to develop a robot and control it by smartphone. The technology used is the Dual Tone Multiple Frequency. The overall working is controlled by establishing a connection between the user and the bot. This is achieved by making a call from your phone to the phone attached to the robot.
3. Smart Energy Meter using GSM: This embedded system IEEE project falls in the category of smart energy-based projects using embedded systems. In this project, you will develop an electronic device that can read the data about the energy consumed from the energy meter and update the user via SMS. Technology utilized in this project is GSM technology, Arduino Architecture, and its Programming.
4. Access control with RFID: This embedded system project also falls in the category of smart energy-based projects using embedded systems. In this project, you will make an authentication system based on RFID. This system will help improve security. It will open and close gates by detection of matched RFID tags. Technologies learned are RFID framework, DC motors, Arduino architecture & its programming.
5. IoT using Arduino: This embedded system project falls in the category of IoT based projects using embedded systems. In this project, you will learn about how to combine IoT, Embedded systems and Arduino to develop a weather monitoring system. This weather monitoring has the capability to measure and analyze temperature and humidity data of a location. You will also learn about the calibration of sensors.
6. Automatic Street Light Monitoring System using IoT: This embedded system project falls in the category of IoT based projects using embedded systems. In this project, you will learn to develop IoT based automatic street light monitoring system. The street light would turn ON/OFF based on the amount of sunlight. There are sensors attached to them to detect the sunlight. You will also learn about Interfacing & Calibrating Sensors.
Hope you would have got some good IEEE project suggestion that helps you to get skilled in embedded systems. If you want to start building a project but don’t know where to start, which kits to use, we at Skyfi Labs have developed some embedded system projects on the latest technologies through which you can learn and build projects right from your home.
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