Water is the world’s most precious resource, yet it is also the one which is almost universally mismanaged. As a result, water shortages are becoming ever more common. Leakages, overflow of water and bursting of pipes these all most common in waste of water. So as to detect all these problems here you are going to work on the building, tank water level sensing monitoring and water pipeline leakage sensing monitoring system.
Water management and leakage detection is the aim of this project; here you will design a system, which will get the information about the level of water in the overhead tank as well as it will able to control the motor so that water supply can also be regulated. You also need to get information about leakage by placing sensors at the outlet of any pipe. You need to write the logic required to implement this function in Arduino Ide.
Water level sensor: This sensor is generally used to measure the water level in tanks, Dems etc. You will use in the tank to measure the water level.
Flow Meter: This sensor is used to determine the mass flow rate of the fluid. You will use this sensor to know about the leakage in your system.
Mini Centrifugal pump: A centrifugal pump is a mechanical device which is used to pump water from lower potential reason to higher potential reason by the help of centrifugal force. In this project, a mini-centrifugal pump needs to be used to force water into the tank.
Pipes and Tapes: Pipe is a hollow cylinder through which fluid flows and tapes are used to get the desired control of the flow.
Buzzer: Buzzer or beeper is an audio signaling device which is made up of mechanical, electromechanical, or piezoelectric materials. These are used for alarm, timers, and for signaling. You will use this buzzer to signal, whenever there is a leakage in the pipe.
At first, make an assembly of a tank with four outlets at the bottom of the tank. Attach Pipe and Tapes to those outlets. Connect Pump to the tank and a water reservoir.
Then, place sensors at required positions to get information about the inlet flow to the pump, Outlet flow in all four pipes and level water inside the tank.
Write require logic in Arduino Ide software to monitor and control the water flow.
Upload the program in Arduino Uno.
Connect all the Sensors, Buzzer and Pump control and give power wherever required.
Test your project, by varying the flow parameters.
Project Brief: With the successful completion of the project, you can observe the following things,
Whenever there is no water in the tank, Pump will start automatically and keep supplying water until the tank becomes full.
If Taps are open for a longer period of time buzzer will give a signal.
Arduino Uno: Arduino Uno is a Microcontroller based on Atmea328. It has 14 digital input/output pins and in which 6 of them can be used as PWM outputs, it also has 6 analogs I/O pins, and a USB connection, a 16MHz ceramic resonator, a power jack, an IPSC header, and a reset button.
Programming language: Arduino programming langageKit required to develop Water Management and Leakage Detection System using Arduino: