Embedded Systems

Top 9 Microcontroller Projects (Videos Included)


Searching for good microcontroller projects? Or have you been scratching your head to get an idea of where to start from?  Then, my friend, your search ends here. This article provides you with some really fantastic microcontroller based projects that you’ve been looking for. It not just mentions the projects but also explains why microcontroller is gradually becoming the most chosen preference by engineers. Here, you will learn about what a microcontroller is, what its types are, where application it is used in, what related projects you can go into, are and many more things. To explore into greater depth in this area and to keep yourself updated about every little nuance of this wonderful topic, all you need to do is to give in your efforts wholeheartedly.

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What is a microcontroller?

Today many things are possible that too in the blink of an eye. But have you ever sit and wondered what actually makes it so easy to do this. Well, a simple answer to this is the principle behind today’s technology. As technology gets advanced, the logic behind it becomes complex and the size of the device gets smaller. And so is this fundamental used in all electronic appliances now. Embedded Systems that involve the use of microcontroller allows our work to get done within a second. Notice the term “Microcontroller”? What does it mean? A microcontroller is basically understood as an integrated circuit that lets your appliance perform a specific operation. It finds its extensive use as embedded systems as mentioned earlier. For instance, these are used in mobiles, robots, huge industrial machines, other electrical appliances. It basically forms a core component of a device and is responsible for all important functions of it. A microcontroller consists of input/ output ports, a processor, memory on a single chip. Like any other device, microprocessor uses an assembly language to function. It must not be a surprise to know that C is- a popular choice for this reason although other languages like Javascript and Python are used as well. Its use can vary from a simple device to complex machines and we will learn about it later in this article.

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What are the types of microcontrollers?

Microcontrollers come in a variety and all of them differ from each other depending on various factors like complexity, the task to be performed, etc. The popular types of a microcontroller are 8051 microcontrollers, AVR microcontroller, other Advanced RISC Machines microcontrollers, PIC microcontroller. Besides these microcontrollers, several companies also manufacture microcontrollers.

What is the difference between a microcontroller and a microprocessor?

It is not uncommon for us to mistake microcontroller as a microprocessor. But mind it, they both are different. A microprocessor essentially does the core processing that a device demands. It doesn’t have RAM, ROM or any other kind of peripheral on the chip although they can be provided externally as per requirements. These, unlike microcontrollers, do not perform a specific task. Applications of a microprocessor include laptops, personal computers, etc.

On the other hand, microcontrollers do contain ROM, RAM and other peripherals apart from having a CPU. These, perform a specific task as they function by receiving data through their I/O ports and then processing the received data.

One important comparison to note is that microprocessors are relatively cheaper than microcontrollers.

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Good microcontroller projects for engineering students

Having now learnt quite much about microcontrollers, we shall now be focusing on the most interesting part of this article. In this section, you will get to know about some amazing projects that you would definitely want to take up to set a good future. Once after getting associated with projects, you can learn about so many things that you would have been previously unaware of. Being a part of itself gives a chance to enhance your knowledge further and polish your experience. Projects in a way prepare you for future opportunities that you as an engineer might face. If you have any difficulties in selecting your project or anything related to the course, you can always seek help from our mentors at Skyfi Labs who are experts and will provide you with the best guidance. You can even visit our website to get transparency about what courses we offer to students.

For now, let’s have a look at all the possible projects that we have in store for you.

1. Smart energy meter using GSM: This microcontroller project helps you to build an energy-efficient device that helps you track energy usage and send it via SMS periodically. Through this project, you will get an opportunity to learn about GSM technology, Arduino architecture and electrical loads and measurement.

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2. Wi-Fi Controlled Robot: In this microcontroller project, you get to build a robot that is controlled by Wi-fi and learn how it works. With such a smart application coming, this one is definitely worth trying. You will learn about various Networking concepts involved, wireless communication, working of DC motors and Arduino architecture.

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3. Hexapod: This microcontroller project helps you build your own personal Hexapod Robot that can be controlled via Bluetooth. You will also learn about Robot’s locomotion, working of servo motors, wireless actuation of legged robots, the crawling strategy of hexapods and much more during the course of this project.

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4. Fire Fighting Robot: As the name itself tells, this project helps you to build a fire fighting robot that works using digital IR sensors for detecting fire. As a part of this project, you will further learn about vision guided systems, and working of IR sensors.

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5. Biometric Authentication: As you must have seen this latest biometric technology is used in schools, colleges and other official places for security purposes. By being a part of this microcontroller project, you get to learn how this system works and operates.

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6. Sensor guided Robotics: As the name suggests, in this microcontroller project you learn to build robots that are controlled and work through the sensors fitted in them. Further, you will also learn about basics of artificial intelligence and sense recognition.

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7. Voice controlled Robot: This microcontroller project helps you understand how applications like Google Assistant, Amazon Echo work. You get to build an Android App which helps you understand voice commands and control the Robot to perform tasks via Bluetooth. You also learn about the basics of speech recognition and Bluetooth communication.

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8. Maze solver Robot: In this project, you get to learn how to build a robot that is basically an autonomous robot that solves maze independently by making use of IR sensors. It works as per the control of sensor signals that the Arduino microcontroller processes.

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9. Swarm Robots:This microcontroller project helps you build robots that work on the principle of Artificial Swarm Intelligence between multiple blocks. It also helps in tracking information and acts as saviors in other difficult missions. There are two categories to it: Master and Slave. Master performs its own scheduled tasks while the Slave works on the signals provided.

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8051 Micro-controller based Projects:

8051 micro-controller is the most widely used micro-controller on comparison with other chips. 8051 micro-controller comes with 64K(bytes)ROM, 128(bytes) RAM and other timers & I/O pins. The main reason for which this micro-controller became famous is because of its carefully chosen configuration that satisfies various needs of a large number of users. The whole configuration is designed to satisfy the needs of most of the programmers who work on automation projects.
Some of the projects that you can develop using 8051 micro-controller are:

  1. Bluetooth Controlled Electronic Home Appliances
  2. Automatic Railway Gate Controller with High Speed Alerting System
  3. Smart Traffic Signal System
  4. Bluetooth Controlled Robot
  5. Gesture Controlled Robot

Latest projects on Embedded Systems

Want to develop practical skills on Embedded Systems? Checkout our latest projects and start learning for free

  1. Access control using RFID
  2. Mobile Controlled Robot
  3. Swarm Robotics Project
  4. Embedded System Projects using 8051
  5. Automatic Room Light Controller using IR Sensors

Arduino based Projects:

Arduino is an open source platform which is available for everyone to use and develop various projects. Arduino projects can be a stand-alone project or they can communicate with the software running on a computer. Since this is an open source lots of industries use this particular technology to build projects on robotics, automation, authentication, security and smart devices etc. So building projects using this technology will make you aware of this technology and make you familiar with this platform
Some of the projects that you can develop using Arduino are:

How to build Embedded Systems projects Did you know

Skyfi Labs helps students learn practical skills by building real-world projects.

You can enrol with friends and receive kits at your doorstep

You can learn from experts, build working projects, showcase skills to the world and grab the best jobs.
Get started today!

  1. Automatic Solar Radiation Tracker for Maximum Solar Energy
  2. Weather Monitoring System using IoT
  3. Smart Irrigation System using IoT
  4. GPS & GSM based Tracker Project
  5. Wearable Health Monitoring Glove

In case you are interested to do innovative micro-controller based engineering projects but don’t know where to start, Skyfi Labs has developed Online Project Based Courses that you can use to build your projects in the best way possible. Our Learn-Do-Review Methodology ensures your learning while you build your mini or final year projects. Kits needed will be dispatched to you within 24 hours and you get instant access to the course content. Using the kits and course content, you can build super awesome micro-controller based Projects!

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Top 9 Microcontroller Projects (Videos Included)
Skyfi Labs Last Updated: 2022-06-13

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