Published on 19 Jan 2019. Written by Radha Parikh
Internet of Things is made up of devices that are connected together wirelessly. From your hairbrush to your vacuum cleaner, everything can talk to each other when integrated with IoT.
So very soon, when you are brushing your hair and happen to have some of your hair fall on the floor, do not worry, the vacuum cleaner will come to the rescue immediately!
Crazy right? ;)
It is believed that IoT will cause the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” and more than half of new businesses will run on IoT by 2020. And IoT is expected to turn into a multi trillion-dollar industry by that time.
Such is the impact that IoT will have on the industries in the coming years.
As we cruise in to the 2020’s, chips will become smaller and smaller, owing to Moore’s law. This means they can be inserted almost anywhere. These chips are already being inserted in mirrors to monitor our heart rate.
The data collected from the mirror in your bathroom can be organized into useful information by your smartphone, which will later advise you to maybe go easy on those fries.
One industry giant that has efficiently incorporated IoT into their business model is DHL. This package delivery company employs IoT for tracking and monitoring its undelivered parcels. The system tracks everything from vehicle behavior to environmental sensors in its storage rooms. This makes the whole process safer. DHL is just one example, it is evident from the recent developments that any business which aims to be successful, needs to utilize IoT in the rightest way possible.
One other company which has taken long strides after employing IoT based services, is Canary’s smart security system. It provides all in one solution to home security issues. It is compatible with both, Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa. Apart from that, it also has its own AI technology along with a 1080p camera, microphone and a 90 decibel siren. Combined together, it provides the best solution there is, for smart security. This IoT based solution has proved to be very robust and efficient.
With such importance, IoT is becoming the most inevitable technology a company should possess. And if you are an aspiring engineering student who wish to work on core technologies, IoT is the best one there right now.
Anyone interested in building a career in IoT has a lot to look forward to. The only problem is, there are no dedicated courses, teaching IoT. It would still take colleges years before they have the infrastructure required to properly train students in this field. It is a technology that is extremely multidisciplinary and is difficult to master just by knowing the concepts involved.
To become proficient in IoT, one has to have a knowledge on data science, coding, hardware, business intelligence, big data, sensing and a plethora of other disciplines. Although having a degree in either of these disciplines helps a lot in building a career in IoT, one needs to have a hands-on experience, dealing with all the different fields at the same time. Because that is what IoT essentially is, a combination of various principles working together all at the same time.
Choosing the right IoT project topic matters a lot. Whichever project you choose, make sure that it enables you to build IoT based systems from scratch. Knowing just coding, or data analytics is not enough. The IoT project should be engaging and should provide you with good learning experience.
IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancement of technology. It always welcome engineers and to-be engineers to be a part of its big family.
IEEE IoT projects would give you a structured way to go about learning IoT. And the topics suggested are the trending ones in their corresponding fields.
1. Home Automation using IoT:
By doing this project you can build an electronic device which works on Wi-Fi and control all the home appliances. The project you develop can be used to switch ON or OFF the connected devices using an Android Phone via Bluetooth.
Components required for home automation using IoT ranges from Wi-Fi module, Arduino Uno, Bluetooth module, Relay driver circuit and loads, i.e. your home appliances. Wi-Fi module is used to send the data collected to cloud platform for storage and analysis.
The same project can also be done with the help of a microcontroller, such as Raspberry Pi.
2. Smart Irrigation using IoT:
Agriculture finds a wide use of IoT. It can be radically changed with help of IoT.
Using a simple soil moisture sensor, Arduino, Wi-Fi Module, you can build an efficient smart irrigation system for a farm using IoT. Based on the soil type and moisture content, water will be irrigated in to the agricultural field automatically using this device.
The soil sensor works on open and short circuit concept.
The information received by Soil sensor is sent to the online database through the WiFi module. The system is activated when the soil moisture is low and when the moisture content is restored, according to the desired output, the device switches OFF the water pump automatically.
3. Weather Monitoring System using IoT:
With the temperature readings touching new heights, a lot of nature enthusiasts are in need of a device that can stream the temperature differences online. This particular IOT project provides an innovative solution for this. The project that you build will have a DHT (Digital Humidity Temperature) sensor which will record the temperature/ humidity differences in the environment and sends the data to the Arduino Uno. All the data collected by the microcontroller will be sent to the cloud with the help of ESP-8266 (WiFi module).
Apart from implementation of IoT, you will also learn about Arduino Architecture, Arduino Programming, Calibration of Sensors by building this IoT project.
4. Smart Building using IoT & PIR
You will be needing Arduino, PIR sensors, USB to UART Cable, Buzzer, Bulb Holder etc. to build this project. With this project, you can implement IoT in a building, which will automatically make it smart. A smart building is one where temperature, lights and water are monitored so as to make it highly efficient. The PIR sensor will sense the number of people in a room and it will automatically switch ON/OFF the lights and fans accordingly.
The system also records the number of occupants present inside the room and send the data to the cloud, which can be used later for analysis. This IOT based project also gives you a lot of flexibility in modifying the system further to perform other functionalities like theft monitoring system, child monitoring system etc.
5. Automated Street Lighting using IoT:
With this IOT based project you will develop a mechanism to control street lights automatically based on the intensity of sunlight. This would result in saving a lot of power and maintaining an energy efficient street lighting system. The electronic device that is developed will facilitate the switching on/off of the street light based on the light intensity which is being constantly monitored by the LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) sensor. The data sent to the microcontroller will also be sent to the cloud for analysis to gain valuable insights about the energy consumption.
6. Smart Water Monitoring
With the urbanisation on rise, the municipalities of major cities are finding it very difficult to efficiently manage the water consumption. This IOT project provides an innovative solution to this. Building this project will enable you to design a system for monitoring water pumps and pipes. This system can detect the flow of water and record the volume of water that flows through the pipe in a given period of time.
The Arduino, with the help of a WiFi module, will send the data to the cloud. The data can be accessed by a user from anywhere on earth for analysis purpose and use the insights to efficiently manage the water consumption.
7. IoT based Smart Camera
This project lets a Raspberry Pi turn into an IoT based smart camera. You can control and watch live video that is being captured from this camera on your smartphone, no matter where you are, given you have an internet connection.
8. Wireless Video Surveillance Robot
The robot developed can be used for video surveillance and monitoring. It will be controlled through a GUI interface. The robot will be equipped with a camera and the user can watch the live feed captured by the robot. It utilizes Raspberry Pi as the brain of the system.
9. Smart Garage Door
Imagine losing the keys to your garage door, or having to kick open your garage door everytime you want to go out. Things get easy if it was all just one touch away, right? This project will help you achieve just that. Using smartphone’s built in communication technology, the clicker or your key is replaced with your smartphone. And it can get activated automatically based on the conditions you provide.
10. Baggage Tracker
This project can be developed by keeping airport logistics in mind. 1% baggage is lost during air travel. Although it doesn’t sound a lot, it is huge when converted in actual numbers. This DIY system tracks your baggage while in air and you can use your smartphone to track it at all times.
Smart Trash Collector
This project will primarily help municipal departments for optimizing garbage pickup timings and trash collection. This project designs a unique innovation using IoT systems to monitor the trash collection in a smart trash can.
Above are some of the best IEEE based IoT project topics which you can select and build your innovative engineering project.
Hope you got some good IEEE IoT project ideas from this article.
Suppose, if you want to build great IoT projects but don’t have the necessary technology knowledge, don’t worry!
We at Skyfi Labs have developed an innovative learning methodology through which you can learn latest technologies like IoT by building projects hands-on right from your home. With the hardware kits delivered to your doorstep and 1-1 technical assistance provided, developing great expertise on latest technologies will never be tough for you.
Also shoot out your queries by commenting below, we will assist you at the earliest.
Good luck for your engineering project!