Published on 08 Aug 2017. Written by Vasanth Vidyakar
Robotics is one of the trending technologies that amaze all the people; especially how this technology is being implemented fascinates everyone right from engineers to hobbyists. Robots can be integrated into almost all the industries as they work on a set of instructions that can be programmed by the user. Robotics technology has a very good penetration in the industry in such a way that it can replace almost all the operational difficulties that the industries are facing today!
As the applications of robotics are endless and for its multidisciplinary nature; students pursuing engineering across various domains should develop a good knowledge of them. Learning this technology will be tough as it is not included in the engineering curriculum. We just study about embedded systems, microcontrollers and wireless communication but never really know how to integrate all these to develop a robot.
So, being a core engineer you should get good working knowledge of robotics and it will be easy to learn by building projects. Learning while building them is the right way to understand the concepts so even when you progress in your career, the skills that you gained will come handy.
The demand for such engineers who has robotics skills is increasing among the top industries and very soon all the industries will be adapting them onto their operations. To help you in acquiring skills on robotics, in this article I’m suggesting some of the robotics project topics for you which you can take up and improve your skills & job prospects.
Here is the list of latest robotics projects that you can do at your home,
Gesture based robotics deals with robots that involve human-machine interaction – where the robot can be controlled through our hand movements. An accelerometer sensor can be used to control the robot’s movement which can detect the movement of our hand along 3 axes. By doing this project you will learn the concepts behind the accelerometer sensor, working of microcontrollers and their programming.
To build a Gesture based Robotics Project you need 3 major components,
Mobile robotics uses the DTMF or Dual Tone Multiple Frequency to control the robot movements. DTMF is simply the tone that you can hear when you dial the numbers in your mobile phone. Each number in the dialer will be assigned with a unique frequency and we can use that to control the robot’s movement. By building this project you will learn the concepts behind the DTMF technology, working of microcontrollers and their programming.
3 major components are required to build the mobile robotics project,
Bluetooth controlled robotics involves the operation of robots in accordance with the signals sent from a smart phone using an Android Application and Bluetooth communication. Bluetooth communication will be used to establish a connection between the user and the system where a microcontroller will be used to process the signals. These kinds of robots have its applications varying from operating a remote vehicle to carrying out unmanned missions.
To build this Smart Irrigation Project you will need 4 major components,
Voice recognition or Speech recognition is the technology through which a machine can identify the words from a spoken language. It is being extensively used in mobile application like Maps, Smart Assistants etc. This project uses the voice recognition technology to give instructions to a robot and control the movement. Bluetooth communication is used to establish a connection between the robot and user.
To build this project you will need 4 major components,
Sensors are one of the major components that is used extensively in robotics projects. By doing this project you can understand about the integration, calibration and testing of sensors. Here you can use IR sensors to detect the obstacles and program the robot to follow or avoid it. IR sensors can sense the Infra-red rays that will be emitted from obstacles and use that to send signals to the micro-controller.
You need 3 major components to build this project,
WiFi has become an integral part of our lives today and the number of devices that are connected to the Internet keeps on increasing because of the advancements in this technology. This project will help you to understand the integration of the Internet and embedded technology. By doing this project you will a robot that can be operated remotely via a computer/ website using WiFi as the mode of communication. A WiFi module should be used to establish a connection between the robot and the user.
3 major components are needed to build WiFi controlled Robotics Project,
Swarm Robotics deals with the Artificial Swarm Intelligence and involves the usage of multiple robots which can coordinate among themselves to complete a mission. The communication will happen wirelessly between the robots and they move accordingly. By doing this project, you will develop a master as well as a slave robot that communicates with each other wirelessly. The master robot controls the slave robot while performing its own task and the slave robot functions based on the signal received from the master robot (both being autonomous).
You need to work with the following components to build the robotic arm project,
This project involves designing and building of a robot that can find its way out from a maze of puzzling lines. IR sensors will be used to detect the maze lines and send data to the microcontroller. The robot will move through the maze arena using the infrared optical sensors. The microcontroller will be programmed in such a way that whenever the robot detects a junction, the bot intelligently decides the path using a special algorithm.
You will need 3 major components to build the Maze Solver Robot,
Autonomous robots can act on their own, independent of any controller. The basic idea is to program the robot to respond to the external stimuli. For the robot to move along a defined path a programmed Arduino board is used. This will act as the robot’s brain and process the data coming from the IR sensors. Arduino is an embedded system which acts as a brain for thousands of projects, from everyday object to complex scientific instruments can be used to understand the Arduino Architecture and its programming.
You will need the following components to complete the project,
A hexapod robot is a mechanical robot that walks on six legs and is the most famous one in legged robots category. Also, Hexapod robots are very stable when compared with two or more legs robots even in slightly rocky and uneven terrain with flexible movements. Due to this capability of walking on various terrains, Hexapods find multiple of applications. By doing this project you can learn about the Arduino & its programming, working of servo motors etc.
The following components are needed to complete this project,
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