Published on 18 Jul 2019. Written by DineshKumar
Robotics is a multidisciplinary technology which combines mechanical, electrical, computer science and many other fields together. Basically, as programming and innovation improve, robots discover their way into various fields which are excessively risky, dull or unimaginable for humans to accomplish. Obviously, robotics has advanced drastically in the 20th and 21st centuries. Because of this, job opportunities in this field had also increased rapidly. Doing projects on robotics will help you in getting started in robotics. In this article, you will get knowledge about robotics and how to develop robotics projects.
Below is the list of Top 20 Robotics projects for engineering students which you can do at your home,
As we discussed above, by doing these projects you will get hands-on experience and learn about robotics technology, which will give a boost to your career in robotics.
First things first.
Issac Asimov a Sci-Fi author and futurist first used the word “Robotics” in his short story and predicted the rise of the robotics industry. He also proposed three “Laws of Robotics”.
A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
A robot must obey the orders given by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
In the mid-1900s Engleberger, who is known as the father of robotics developed the first industrial robot to work on the assembly line for welding auto parts.
Robotics is an inter-related technology which deals with robots. It is a combined technology of mechanical, electrical, computer science and many other fields. Robots are machines that can be programmed to perform certain functions autonomously or semi-autonomously. Robots can interact with the physical world with the help of sensors and actuators.
Let’s accept it.
The whole thought of having another person to perform difficult and routine jobs, while relaxing is an interesting thing.
Robots can be implemented in various fields like automotive industries, medical and military. Anyway, with the advancement of innovation and broad research and tests on robots, increases the opportunities in robotics. There will be an increase in the demand for skilled engineers in the coming years because of the broad utilization of robots.
Robots are used in different fields to perform tasks that are difficult and risky for people. Below are some of the major applications of robots:
When you start building a project, you may get these questions, what are all the things needed to build the project, how to start building a project and where I should buy kits?
In this article we will discuss these points and assist you to get moving.
Make a reasonable and realistic goal. Your first robot ought to be extremely basic. Learn how to program it, this will be very helpful when you develop advanced projects.
Choose the hardware and sensors carefully, which are required for building your robot. For robotics project, you can use Arduino and Raspberry Pi, by using this you can perform different tasks. Next is sensors, by using different sensors in your robot, you can collect real-time data from the outside world, which will make your robot to accomplish the desired work.
Arduino is a microcontroller board used by students, hobbyists, enthusiasts, and programmers to build and test prototype models. Arduino is a perfect tinkering instrument for beginners to start building robotics projects. You can program the Arduino board using Arduino IDE (Integrated Development Environment) software. It is a cross-platform software that runs on Windows, Linux and Mac Operation systems. Arduino software is easy to use for beginners, yet it is adaptable enough for advanced users as well.
Since Arduino is an open source, there are various online communities which support in developing projects and the layout of the boards also available online for free. So anyone can make use of it and can develop their own custom board.
Raspberry Pi is small but possess all the options available on a computer. If you want to make robots without spending lots of money then Raspberry Pi board is the smart choice. It is a small credit card sized computer which can connect easily to the internet and interface with more sensors. Since Raspberry Pi is open-source, there is a huge community which gives support in developing projects.
Everybody can use a Raspberry Pi board. You simply need to download the operating system, upload it to your micro SD card, interface your Raspberry Pi to a screen, and voila! You can begin with zero programming knowledge.
Raspberry Pi board consists of 40 General-Purpose Input Output pins with that you can associate with a ton of actuators and sensors.
Now let’s look at the best robotics projects for engineering students.
Surveillance is the process of monitoring a person or particular area. This happens in a military situation where observation of borders and enemy territories is necessary for the nation’s wellbeing. There is also the danger of losing troops in case of getting captured by the enemy. With advances in innovation throughout the years, it is now possible to remotely observe zones of significance by utilizing robots instead of people.
In this robotics project, you will develop a robot which captures and transmits live video footage over the internet that can be observed from any part of the world. Raspberry Pi is used to control and program the robot. A camera is interfaced with the Raspberry Pi board to observe the area.Check details of the surveillance robot project
Biped Walking Robot
A Robot which mimics the human body can perform tasks similar to humans and it is a great advantage. In this robotics project, you will develop a robot with two legs which walks like humans. Servo motors used as actuators helps in the movement of the robot. Arduino UNO Board is used to program the robot and also interfaces all the components together.
By doing this project you will learn about the locomotion of robots and Arduino programming.Check details of the Biped Walking Robot project
1. Robotic Arm
A Robotic arm is used for various mechanical applications that are hazardous for humans. Robotic arms are widely used in automobile assembly lines putting vehicles together. Robots can complete a great deal of work more effectively than people since they are so quick and exact. They have altogether diminished laborer wounds, repetitive stress injuries and huge accidents.
In this robotics project, you will develop a robotic arm that can be associated with your smart phone through Bluetooth and can be controlled by an Android App. Arduino Uno board is used to program the robotic arm. Servo motors are used as actuators that make the robot to achieve movements in three degrees of freedom. HC-05 Bluetooth module is used to connect the robotic arm to the mobile.Check details of the Robotic Arm project
2. Swarm Robotics
Swarm robotics is the process of involving numerous robots to perform a task. These robots can coordinate themselves autonomously. Multi-robot systems have higher flexibility, efficiency and reliability than single robots, a team of collaborative robots can do a single task much faster, execute tasks beyond the limits of a single robot.
In this robotics project, you will develop an autonomous swarm robot. With master-slave communication, the master robot controls the slave robot while playing out its very own assignment and the slave robot works based on the signals received from the master robot autonomously.
Following are the components used for building the robot: Arduino Uno board is used for programming the robots. Transmitter and receiver module is used to achieve communication between the robots and L293D motor driver is used for controlling the motors.Check details of the Swarm Robotics project
3. Hexapod Bluetooth controlled robot
Hexapod robot is a six-legged robot and is the most well known in multi-legged robots’ category. Hexapod robots are truly steady when compared to least two leg robots. Hexapods can step over obstacles and uneven terrains easily.
In this robotics project, you will build a hexapod robot which can be controlled using mobile through Bluetooth. Arduino Uno board is used to program the robot and servo motors are used for actuation of the robot. HC-05 Bluetooth module is used for communication. All these components are interfaced with Arduino to perform the desired task.Check details of the Hexapod Robot project
4. Sensor Guided Robot
Sensor Guided robots are autonomous robots which work based on the input from sensors and are controlled with the help of a microcontroller board.
In this robotics project, you will develop a sensor guided robot using IR (Infra-Red) Sensors. You can program the robot either to follow the obstacle or to avoid the obstacle.
By building this project you will learn about working of sensors, DC motors, and Motor drivers.Check details of the sensor guided robotics project
5. Mobile Robotics
Mobile robots have the benefit of range as the coverage area is more for mobiles. As part of this robotics project, you will build a robot that can be controlled by a mobile that makes a call to another mobile associated with the robot. Following are the major components used for building this robotics project:
DTMF (Dual Tone Multiple Frequency) is a technology which is widely used in mobile communication. DTMF decoder detects the sequence of DTMF tones produced by the mobile phone and converts it into digital signals that can be processed by the microcontroller. Pressing keys on the user mobile will send a signal to the robot by means of DTMF. The robot is programmed to decode these signal and move accordingly.
By doing this project you will learn about working of DTMF, Arduino Uno board, Motor drivers, etc.Check details of the mobile robotics project
6. Gesture-based robotics
Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous. Autonomous robots act on their own choice by detecting their conditions without any human interaction. Semi-autonomous robots are partly controlled by humans.
Gesture controlled robot is a semi-autonomous robot which is controlled by hand gestures. Accelerometer sensor is used to detect the movement of the hand. The Robot takes inputs from the sensor and moves accordingly.Check details of the gesture controlled robot
7. Voice controlled robot
In this robotics project, you will develop a robot that can be controlled using voice commands. An Android app is used to give commands to the robot via Bluetooth. Bluetooth module which is integrated with the robot receives the voice commands from the mobile and actuates accordingly.Check details of the voice controlled robot
8. Sixth-sense robot
Sixth sense technology is a progressive method to magnify the physical world around us and allows the users to control robots using image processing algorithms.
In this robotics project, you will develop a robot using Arduino and image processing algorithms to control the robot.Check details of the sixth sense robot
9. Wi-Fi controlled robot
Wi-Fi has turned into an integral part of our lives today and there is a number of gadgets which we control through Wi-Fi. In this robotics project, you will develop a robot which can be controlled remotely through your laptop using Wi-Fi. The Robot is connected to the internet with the help of the Wi-Fi module and can be controlled through commands given through laptop.Check details of the WiFi controlled robot
10. Fire-fighting robot
Fire-fighting is a very dangerous job because of that now robots can be used to perform this task which will reduce the risk of injury to humans. As part of this robotics project, you will develop a robot which detects the fire with the help of IR (Infra-Red) sensors and extinguishes it using a fan powered by a DC motor. The robot is programmed using Arduino microcontroller to accomplish the desired task.Check details of the firefighting robot
11. Maze solver robot
In this robotics project, you will develop a robot that can discover its way out from a maze of puzzling lines. IR sensors will be utilized to recognize the maze lines and send information to the microcontroller. The robot will travel through the maze field utilizing the infrared optical sensors. When the robot detects a junction, it cleverly chooses the path using a special algorithm.Check details of the maze solver robot
12. Edge detection robot
As part of this robotics project, you will develop a robot which is capable of detecting the edges and not fall off. This can be done with the help of IR sensors. IR sensor detects the heat and motion of objects from the surrounding environment. Collected data is then processed by the robot and actuates the motors accordingly to avoid falling.Check details of edge detecting robot project
13. Bluetooth robotics
In this robotics project, you will build a robot which can be remotely controlled via Bluetooth. An Android application is used to give instructions to the robot. The robot is programmed to decode these signals and move accordingly. As part of this project you will learn about: Bluetooth communication, robotic systems and working of motors.Check details of Bluetooth robotics project
14. Raspberry Pi robot
Raspberry Pi board has unique features like inbuilt Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, microSD card slot, USB port, HDMI port and so on. Thus, developing a robot using Raspberry Pi have greater advantages. As part of this robotics project, you will develop a robot using Raspberry Pi that can be controlled through Wi-Fi using a Laptop.Check details of Raspberry Pi robot project
15. Mine detecting robot
Mine detecting robot finds great application in the defense sector to avoid damage and casualties of soldiers. In this robotics project, you will develop a mine detecting robot that detects the mine. The robot system is installed with a metal detector suitable for detecting the landmine and a buzzer to give warning. The movement of the robot is achieved by the DC motor. Arduino microcontroller is employed in this robot. You can also interface Global Positioning System (GPS) with the robot for navigation.Check details of Mine detecting robot
16. Window cleaning robot
Cleaning windows manually is a time-consuming process and risk is also more. To overcome that we can use robots to do that task. The aim of this robotics project is to develop a robot to clean the windows. Window cleaning robot contains a motor to create a suction which gives grip to the robot. And the sensors detect the corner of the windows and actuates accordingly.
You can program the robot to clean the window in the desired pattern with the help of microcontroller.Check about Window cleaning robot
Hope you got good information about Robotics and various innovative projects that you can build on Robotics.
If you are very interested in Robotics and want to develop the skills on it, we at Skyfi Labs are there to help you. We have developed some amazing online project-based courses using which you can learn and build innovative robots right from your home. The components needed will be shipped to your doorstep and you can use the kit & the online tutorials to complete the project with 100% output. You can interact with our experts 1-1 and clear all your doubts while building the project.
We hope you will develop the skills on Robotics and build a successful career in Robotics.
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