Now that you are reaching your final semester, you are almost a civil engineer. Finally, it is time to put everything you learned over the past 3.5 years to test. It is time to build one solid final year project, which will be one of your first proper projects, which will probably stick to your resume for a very long time. It is essential to choose a good topic for your final year project. There are various areas to pick from, like structural engineering, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, etc. Choose the area which interests you the most and find a suitable topic in that domain.
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2. Structural & Foundation Analysis
3. CPM & BIM
5. Construction Technology (Career Building Course)
7. Construction Project Management
8. Building Information Modelling
11. ETABS Software
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Civil engineering as a whole has developed a lot over the years. The constructions are way more advanced, and with the rapid growth of technology, every structure is just becoming more advanced and friendly. However, due to such rapid development, the engineers also face problems in keeping up. Some of the most commonly occurring problems are:
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Civil engineers are extremely vital for the development of the world as a whole. They are the pillars of the construction industry, and without them, the industry would cease to exist. Some of the benefits of a civil engineer are:
Civil engineering topics are broadly classified into five major types that are structural engineering, construction and management engineering, water engineering, transport engineering, and geotechnical engineering. The concepts are taken from these forms and applied for the construction of productive structures.
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Often, we see the students getting confused about their projects in the final year of engineering. Therefore, they tend to find ideas that are either too common or too easy to create. Before selecting a topic, you must keep in mind the following checklist.
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1.Geographic Information System using Q-GIS
If you are fascinated by the technology behind Google Maps and wish to learn more about it, this is the perfect project for you. This project will give you the exciting opportunity to create your own Geographic Information System using Q-GIS software. Starting from a simple map, you will move to map an entire park while learning about the methods used for data collection, processing, and manipulation for the same. It will also help you get hands-on experience with important concepts like shortest distance finder, affine transformation, contour creation, and geo-processing.
2.Structural and Foundation Analysis
If you wish to pursue a future in the construction line, structural engineering should be your strong point. This project will help in strengthening your knowledge about the structural and foundation designs of tall buildings, and seismic designs using SAP2000, ETABS, and SAFE software. It will further help you learn about frame analysis, application of wind and seismic loads, analysis and design of shallow foundations, project report regeneration, reinforcement detailing and scheduling.
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3.Construction Project Management & Building Information Modeling
As we’re entering the era of smart cities and skyscrapers, the demand for quality BIM engineers has just been increasing. This project will prepare you to be one such engineer before you start working. It will help you learn about project concepts and BIM using Primavera and Graphisoft Archicad software. You will also get to explore concepts like CPM & PERT, 3D Mass modeling, earned value management, resource management, and budget and rendering techniques.
4.Tall Building Design
With the increasing number of skyscrapers around the world, the demand for skilled civil engineers is also increasing. This project will allow you to understand and work on the considerations taken during the design of tall buildings, and about the varied loads acting on them using SAP2000 and ETABS software. It will let you design your building and further learn about frame analysis, project report generation, application of loads, and reinforcement detailing and scheduling.
5.Seismic Design using SAP2000 & ETABS
Whenever a place is affected by an earthquake, many buildings collapsed and thousands of people lose their lives. With the advancement in technology, engineers now construct seismic-resistant buildings. This project will help you design one such building using SAP2000 & ETABS software based on IS codes. It will also help you gain information about ideas like time history method, response spectrum method, frame analysis, application of seismic loads, linear and non-linear dynamic analysis.
6. Quantity Surveying
This civil project helps students to understand the fundamentals of constructing a structure to an advanced level. It will help learn how to make design and estimate the costing needed for the project as a whole. In this phase of the project, Archicad and Primavera software will be used.
7. ETABS Software
This civil software is the foundation of structural engineering and should have a gist of it for all those who want to build a career in. In this civil project, you'll be introduced from basic, intermediate to advanced level to all three levels of ETABS software.
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8. Soil Excavation Analysis using PLAXIS 2D
This civil project is based on understanding the soil below for various construction purposes especially dams. You are going to build a robot that will be powered by a mobile phone using DTMF technology.
9. Diagrid Structure Analysis Using ETABS
This civil project is based on building diagonal structures in a building since they are capable of resisting the gravity loads and provide lateral stability. ETABS software is used to build this structure.
10. Effect of Shear Wall on I-Shaped Building
Due to scarce flat grounds most of the buildings are built on slopes which makes construction difficult. Therefore, this civil project is based on understanding buildings made both on flat grounds and sloping grounds and the usage of shear walls on such buildings.
11. Wind Load Analysis on Buildings of Varying Heights Using ETABS
With rising skyscrapers, the problems of wind effects have been ignored and since modern technology is based on making lightweight structures these are more prone to top destruction caused by winds. This civil project is based on making efficient buildings that can withstand the harmful effects caused by the wind.
12. Use of Steel Bracings for Retrofitting Reinforced Concrete Frames
Earthquakes cause devastating effects on main structures; therefore, this civil project helps in understanding such buildings and making steel bracings for withstanding stronger quakes. ETABS software is used to understand the tolerance level of the building and accordingly refitting is done or is either entirely replaced.
13. Green Building
In addition to technology, engineers have been working to make buildings that are environmentally friendly. These will have more greenery around them and will reduce the use of toxic materials. Because of its level of sustainability, this civil project is more in demand.
14. Water tank
Saving our resources has become the need of the hour and this project is based on an age-old process of building water tanks that can be used for various uses. Efficient models are to be designed t holding capacity of water without any leakages.
15. Technique for Improving Railway Embankment
With the increased demand for using railways for transporting and travelling there has been a need for constructing efficient tracks. This project is based on understanding the subsoil structure after construction and also ensuring no slip failure.
16. Ground Improvement using stone Column
Due to growing population infrastructures are increasing and it has become important to make efficient quality structures. The stone columns have been used to solve large space problems and time constraints. It helps to strengthen the vitality of the city and to create a stronger base.
17. Use of Augmented Reality in Construction
Certain construction takes long hours and gets monotonous, the advancement of technology like Augmented Reality helps in reducing errors and work is done quite fast.
18. ArsenicRemoval from Groundwater by coagulation process
Groundwater has become essential in the past few years due to the depletion of other water resources. However due to the disposal of waste products mainly arsenic products these waters have become contaminated. This civil project is based on the removal of toxic arsenic materials from groundwater using the coagulation process.
19. Mivan Formwork technology
With a growing population, there has been an increasing need for infrastructure. The Mivan formwork is one that has evolved in this era of crowded cities and towns to build structures. Aluminium formwork is used for building housing structures and engineers will be learning the methodology of this.
20. UAV Mapping System application
Advancement in the mapping system has spread its vastness to creating aerial mapping systems by controlling it from remote locations. This civil cum aeronautical project is based on building a drone structure with a camera fitted in it to understand the areas where it gets difficult for a man to reach. This is mainly used for understanding forest areas, urban planning, forest floods, topographical survey, etc.
21. Parking management in urban areas
The cites nowadays are facing major problems with sufficient parking spaces. This project is based on making various types of such spaces for efficient parking system such as
Some Other Project Ideas Are Given Below
I hope you got some good project ideas from this article. If you are very much interested to learn and develop a civil project but don’t know where to start. We at Skyfi Labs has developed some online project-based courses for civil students you can make use of those courses to develop your skills.
Check out this link for more project ideas
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Hope you got some knowledgeable information from this article.
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