Civil Engineering

Communication tower design

In the present era the technology in communications has developed to a very large extent. The communication industries have seen a tremendous increase in last few years which have resulted in installation of large number of towers to increase the coverage area and network consistency. In wireless communication network these towers play a significant role hence failure of such structure in a disaster is a major concern. Therefore utmost importance should be given in considering all possible extreme conditions for designing these towers.

Read more..

Communication tower design project Looking to build projects on Civil Engineering?:

Civil Engineering Kit will be shipped to you and you can learn and build using tutorials. You can start for free today!

1. GIS

2. Structural & Foundation Analysis

3. CPM & BIM

4. Tall Building Design

5. Construction Technology (Career Building Course)

6. Foundation Design

7. Construction Project Management

8. Building Information Modelling

9. Seismic Design

10. Quantity Surveying

11. ETABS Software

12. Project Management with Primavera


Based on structural action Self Supporting Tower- The towers that are supported on ground or on buildings are called as self-supporting towers. Though the weight of these towers is more they require less base area and are suitable in many situations. Most of the TV, MW, Power transmission, and flood light towers are self-supporting towers. Guyed Tower- Guyed towers are normally guyed in three directions. These towers are much lighter than self supporting type but require a large free space to anchor guy wires. Whenever large open space is available, guyed towers can be provided. There are other restrictions to mount dish antennae on these towers and require large anchor blocks to hold the ropes. Monopole Tower- It is single self-supporting pole, and is generally placed over roofs of high raised buildings, when number of antennae required is less or height of tower required is less than 9m.

Based on the type of material sections Angular and hybrid towers- Towers with tubular members may be less than half the weight of angle towers because of the reduced wind load on circular sections. However the extra cost of the tube and the more complicated connection details can exceed the saving of steel weight and foundations. Lattice towers- Lattice towers are freestanding and segmentally designed with rectangular or triangular base steel lattices.

Design of communication towers

Once the external loads acting on the tower are determined, one proceeds with an analysis of the forces in various members with a view to fixing up their sizes. Since axial force is the only force for a truss element, the member has to be designed for either compression or tension. When there are multiple load conditions, certain members may be subjected to both compressive and tensile forces under different loading conditions. Reversal of loads may also induce alternate nature of forces; hence these members are to be designed for both compression and tension. The total force acting on any individual member under the normal condition and also under the broken- wire condition is multiplied by the corresponding factor of safety, and it is ensured that the values are within the permissible ultimate strength of the particular steel used. The following are the steps involved in design of communication tower: Selection of configuration of tower- like any other exposed structure, has a super structure shaped, dimensioned and designed to suit the external loads and self- weight Selection of configuration of a tower involves fixing of top width, bottom width, number of panels and their heights, type of bracing system and slope of tower. Computation of loads acting on tower- In case of communication towers self-weight of tower is most important component of tower design. The tele communication steel tower is a pin-jointed light structure, It is still assumed that their behavior is similar to simple truss. The percentage of openings in Tower structure will be more than 30%, so wind loads acting on the tower will be of less magnitude compared to chimneys, but the major cause of failures of telecommunication tower throughout the world though still remains to be high intensity winds.

How to build Civil Engineering projects Did you know

Skyfi Labs helps students learn practical skills by building real-world projects.

You can enrol with friends and receive kits at your doorstep

You can learn from experts, build working projects, showcase skills to the world and grab the best jobs.
Get started today!

Analysis of tower for appropriate loading conditions- The loadings which are considered are: 1. Dead loads or Vertical loads ( i.e. self weight of tower members, Self weight of antennas, labour and equipment during construction and maintenance.) 2. Transverse loads (Wind load on exposed members of the tower and antenna.) Wind load on tower. Design of tower members according to codes of practices- Suitable steel sections are initially assumed as members of the tower for analyzing the structure. Once the analysis is done members are finalized based on the stresses developing in them, following the codal provisions provided by Indian Standards. Design of foundation according to codes of practices- Design of foundation is as per IS 800:2007, the depth and width of the foundation depends on the size of the tower.

Bracing systems

Once the width of the tower at the top and also the level at which the batter should start are determined, the next step is to select the system of bracings. The following bracing systems are usually adopted for transmission line towers. Single web system- It comprises either diagonals and struts or all diagonals. This system is particularly used for narrow-based towers, in cross-arm girders and for portal type of towers. Double web or Warren system- This system is made up of diagonal cross bracings. Shear is equally distributed between the two diagonals, one in compression and the other in tension. Both the diagonals are designed for compression and tension in order to permit reversal of externally applied shear. The diagonal braces are connected at their cross points. Pratt system- This system also contains diagonal cross bracings and, in addition, it has horizontal struts. These struts are subjected to compression and the shear is taken entirely by one diagonal in tension, the other diagonal acting like a redundant member. Portal system- The diagonals are necessarily designed for both tension and compression and, therefore, this arrangement provides more stiffness than the Pratt system. The advantage of this system is that the horizontal struts are supported at mid length by the diagonals.

Software used for design and analysis


Latest projects on Civil Engineering

Want to develop practical skills on Civil Engineering? Checkout our latest projects and start learning for free

Kit required to develop Communication tower design:
Technologies you will learn by working on Communication tower design:
Communication tower design
Skyfi Labs Last Updated: 2021-05-12

Join 250,000+ students from 36+ countries & develop practical skills by building projects

Get kits shipped in 24 hours. Build using online tutorials.

More Project Ideas on Civil

Portable incenerator
All about Green Buildings
Water Tank
Utilization of demolished concrete
What are Pavements? How to Design a Pavement?
Design of water tank
Application and properties of FRC
Seismic evaluation of irregular structures
Application and properties of fiber reinforced concrete
Communication tower design
Application and properties of fiber reinforced concrete
Seismic evaluation of irregular structures
Plastic roads
Learn About Advanced Earthquake Resistant Techniques
Study on Rubberized Concrete
Pavement Illumination
Litracon - Translucent concrete
Protecting Older Buildings from Earthquake by Coating
Canvas Concrete
Rubber Dams
Smog Eating Tiles
Railway Embankment Improvement Technique
Stability Design of Multi-Storey Timber Structure
Response of concrete Arch Dam due to Temperature Variation
Crack Width of Retard Bonded Partially Pre-stressed Concrete Beam
Preparation of Activated Carbon from locally available material Viz. is Coconut shell
Fabrication and Testing of Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite Material
Project on Ground Improvement using Stone Column
Stabilization of Expansive Soil using Sugarcane Straw Ash
Soil Sub-grade Improvement using Human Hair Fiber (HHF)
Coarse Aggregates Replacement with Jhamma Bricks(Concrete Prep)
Comparison of Strength Characteristics of Concrete Made by TSMA using Fly Ash and Nominal Concrete Made by NM Approach
River Level Monitoring for Flash Flood Warnings
Treatment of Wastewater using Membrane Bioreactors
Analysis of Excavation in soil using PLAXIS 2D
Analysis of Diagrid Structure using ETABS
Wastewater Treatment Plant Design Project
Soil Bio-engineering
Railway Embankment Improvement Technique
Partial Addition of Lime in Mortar
Papercrete Clay Brick
Impact of Truck on Bridge Piers
Eco-Friendly Self-Curing Concrete
Reinforced Soil and Its Engineering Applications
Wastewater treatment using Electrocoagulation process
Mivan Formwork Technology
Use of Recycled Construction and Demolition Waste Materials in Soil Stabilization
Application of UAV mapping system
Self-Healing Concrete
Floating Foundation
Net-Zero Energy Buildings
Green Roof Technology
Three-Dimensional Geologic Modelling
Passive Solar Buildings
Groundwater Exploration using Remote Sensing and GIS
Silica Fume Concrete
Modular Buildings
Reinforced Brick Masonry Techniques in Civil Engineering
Numerical simulation of wind flow
Retrofitting Using FRP Laminates
Parking management in urban areas
Automated Highway System
All About Buildings With Photovoltaic Glazing System
Floating Construction
Hybrid bricks
Hybrid Bricks
Application of Augmented Reality in Construction
Permeable Concrete
3D Printed Houses
Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Existing Buildings using GIS
Determination of California Bearing Ratio of Soil using Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
Post-tensioned Foundation Slab
Applications of Ferrocement Members made of Self Compacting Concrete
Soil Stabilization with Plastic
Effect on compressive strength of concrete with the addition of solid waste
Non-destructive Testing of Concrete
Bamboo as a building material
Soil liquefaction
Cellular Lightweight Concrete
Solid Waste Management Using GIS
Arsenic Removal from Groundwater by Coagulation Process
Composite Roofing Tiles
Automated Flow Regulation for Canal
Application of Nanotechnology in Construction Industry
Blast Resisting Structures
Ground Water Quality Assessment
Land Use and Land Cover using GIS
Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Demolished Waste
Design of Flexible Pavement
Fabrication of composite using cactus and coconut fibre
Everything You Need To Know About U-Boot Beton technology
Design of Intersection
Waste Polythene in Bitumen
Sugarmill waste in construction
Use of Coconut Charcoal in Pavement as filler
Use of Aluminium In Building Construction
Waterproofing of Roof With Discarded Tyre Rubber Crumb
Geo Polymer Brick
Adsorption of Fluoride Using Nanoparticles of Aluminium Oxide
Causes, Prevention and treatment of damp in buildings
Cement Stabilized Masonry Interlocking Blocks
Electricity Generation from sugar mill waste using microbes
Treatment of Effluent With Teak Leaves and Banana Trunk
Imporvement of Bearing Capacity of Sandy soils by grounting
Preparation of Concrete using Gold Mine Waste
Hydropower using Treated Sewage Water
Noise Absorbing materials using Agro Waste Products
Artificial Turf
Water Purification using the Pedal System
Measurement of soil water Using Ground penetrating Radar
Soil stabilization using Plant Roots
Comparative analysis of multi storey building with and without soft storey for seismic actions
Effect of shear wall on l-shaped buildings
Soil stabilization by using bio-polymers
Autoclave aerated blocks
Light transmitting concrete
Removal of fluoride from water using iron oxide-hydroxide nanoparticles
Everything You Need To Know About Castellated Beams(with Uses)
Application of smart toilet
Thermal bridging
Road power generation
Modular construction methods
Applications of BIM
Replacement of chemical fertilizers by biofertilizers
Economic factors in construction product quality
Environmental interior design
Factors affecting E-learning
Steel angle and strip jacketing
Collision avoidance system
Comparative analysis when cement is replaced by rice husk and glass powder
ANN for Predicting Concrete Compressive Strength
Green Concrete
Use of Bamboo in soil Improvement
Hybrid Solar Energy
Hydrogen Super Highway
Coconut Shell as Capping For Sand in Rapid Sand Filters
Reactive Concrete
Analysis of Beam with UDL by ANSYS Mechanical APDL
Soil Stabilization using Stone Column
Transparent Concrete
Waste Plastic Fuel used in Petrol Engine
Bubble Deck Slab
Earthquake Analysis of buildings using ETABS
Analysis of wind load on buildings of various heights using ETABS
Dynamic analysis of a residential building using ETABS
Structural analysis and design of a multistoreyed building with grid slabs
Retrofitting of reinforced concrete frames using steel bracings
Studying the seismic response of TC building connected with and without x-braced friction dampers
Seismic Analysis of a Multi-storeyed Building with Floating Columns
Structural Analysis of a High rise Building with different Plan Configurations using the ETABS software
Designing an Earthquake resisting open ground storey building
Study of lateral load resisting system of variable height in all soil types of high seismic zone
Building Information Modelling
Quantity Surveying

Subscribe to receive more project ideas

Stay up-to-date and build projects on latest technologies