Solid waste management is one of the major problems in today's modern world. Improper planning and execution are the main causes of this problem. Also, an increase in population and urbanization increasing the solid waste load on disposal areas at a much faster pace.
This action has a negative impact on the environment and causes more hazardous diseases to the inhabitants. There is a great need for advanced and appropriate technology to reduce these problems. GIS is such an emerging technology using in most of the developed countries to eliminate the problems of solid waste management.
About Solid Waste Management Solid waste is a solid or semi-solid substance extracted from any human or animal activities, treated as useless or unwanted. Which includes all kind of waste such as municipal solid waste, bio-medical waste, industrial waste and electronic, etc... Solid waste consists of organic or inorganic constituents, which causes environment pollution if not handled properly. Solid waste management is a process, which includes collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste.
Solid waste management is a complex process, where the problems intensity increase with time to time. Many municipal bodies are failing to provide 100% efficiency in the solid waste management system. The solid waste management data of a particular place is often not available sometimes, this disturbance the planning and execution stages of the management system. GIS technology helps to avoid this type of problems. GIS using in many developed countries to find the better results and efficiency.
Quantum GIS or
Data collection of a particular area is a very first step in the map making process(GIS).
Collect the geographical data of an area using land surveying(using Total station) or Global positioning system(GPS).
The data should contain accurate details about the location of the disposal points in the area.
Convert the information of different types and forms into the GIS database.
Use ArcGIS or Quantum GIS software for preparing the maps.
Also, create the spatial data of waste disposal points using collected data.
Conduct a survey to determine the solid waste generation in the entire area.
Add these data into the GIS database(using softwares) and prepare the final map.
Analysis of prepared final maps will helps to create or follow an organised way to achieve the maximum efficiency in the solid waste management system.
GIS provides an In-depth analysis.
Easy to understand.
No need for special knowledge to analyze the maps.
Provides the results at very faster face.
GIS offers visual identification.
With the help of GIS technology, it is possible to eliminate problems in the solid waste management system and reduce the effects on the environment.Kit required to develop Solid Waste Management Using GIS: