Internet of Things

Automatic Smart Parking System using IoT

The device that you build as part of this project is an application of Internet of Things (IOT). The electronic device that you build can assist the drivers in selecting the suitable parking spot for them. The data that the system collects will be sent to the cloud and anyone across the globe can access the data to do some analysis.

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You can either do this project using an Arduino microcontroller or a Raspberry Pi. If you are using an Arduino Uno then you should also embed a WiFi module on it to establish the connection to internet and send the data live. The raspberry pi will be already embedded with a WiFi module, so you don’t require an extra one to establish the internet connection.

The device that you build will get the data of the parking slot status (whether it is occupied or not) from the digital IR sensors or the pi cams that are present over there. These sensors send the data to the microcontroller and in turn the data will be processed and the status of parking slots will be displayed to the user. If you are using Pi cam, then the image captured will have the data about the availability of parking slots. The data will also be sent to the cloud which can be integrated onto an Android App, so that the user can see the slots available directly from their mobile phones.

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Project Implementation:

The automated parking system using IoT that you develop can be implemented in covered parks, open parks and also street side parking. The smart parking system will have a cloud service provider that provides cloud storage to store information about the parking status in the slots. There will be a centralized server which stores the information about the number of parking slots, availability status and also the parking time.

The functionalities of the components of automated parking system project are as follows,

  1. Centralized server: This maintains the information about the parking slots and its availability
  2. Raspberry Pi: This will act as the microcontroller for the project and all the other sensors will connected to it
  3. Camera: The Pi camera will be connected to the microcontroller and will be used to validate the parking slots as either empty or occupied
  4. IR sensors: It will be used to sense the presence of vehicle in the parking slots by sending out IR radiations
  5. Navigation system: This will give the signals that will guide the users to navigate and go to the nearest available parking slot
  6. Display device: This will be the screen that displays the status of the parking slots and change real-time
  7. User device: This can either be the mobile phone or a website which can be used by the user to get the availability of parking slots directly

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Major steps involved:

  1. The IR sensors or Pi cam should be placed in the appropriate places to clearly cover all the parking slots
  2. The parking slots should be appropriately numbered to mark them on the system
  3. These marked points will act as the control points and will be integrated as slots in the cloud
  4. Then the setting will be saved and the microcontroller will be programmed to display the data online accordingly

Programming language: Arduino Programming (C++), Python Programming

Kit required to develop Automatic Smart Parking System using IoT:
Technologies you will learn by working on Automatic Smart Parking System using IoT:
Automatic Smart Parking System using IoT
Skyfi Labs Last Updated: 2021-04-01

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